William Gates - History

William Gates - History

William Gates

1955-

Industrialist

Bill Gates was born on October 28, 1955 in Seattle, Washington. He was an indifferent student in public school and so was sent by his parents to private school. He went on to Harvard College, where he earned a reputation more for his late-night poker games than his studiousness. Gates dropped out of Harvard and together with his boyhood friend, Paul Allen, founded Microsoft.

Their first major "break" came in selling IBM -- a company then developing its first personal computer -- an operating system that they did not as yet own, but promptly acquired from Seattle Computer for a relatively modest sum.

IBM agreed to allow Microsoft to sell the operating system MS-DOS to other computer manufacturers.

Microsoft went on to develop "Windows" to compete with Apple's graphic interface, as well as scores of other software programs for desktop computers, covering almost every possible application. Gates sheperded Microsoft through its difficult period of fighting the US Government after being sued for anti-trust.

Gates began transition from day to day management in 2006 to give additional time to the foundation that he ran with his wife Melinda- The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The Foundation is working in a number of different areas including the elimination of many childhood diseases.


William Gates - History

On October 28, Facebook user Vitalia Qardava published a post, where she speaks about Spanish flu that began in 1918 and links the outbreak to the contemporary Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, particularly, to Frederick L. Gates, who back then carried out bacterial meningitis vaccination in soldiers. The author claims that the aforesaid Frederick L. Gates was a grandfather of present-day American businessman and philanthropist Bill Gates.

As of January 13, the post has 133 shares. Identical information was published by the pro-Kremlin media outlet News-front and Facebook page Stalin on November 7.

Newsfront, November 7, editorial: “So-called Spanish flu began in 1918 and disappeared in 1920. Caused the death of almost 550 million people. The Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research carried out a large-scale bacterial meningitis vaccination in the U.S. Army in 1918. Vaccination was supervised by MD … Frederick L. Gates. Gates again. There’s proof that Frederick L. Gates is a grandfather of Bill Gates. Some soldiers received this experimental vaccine three times. Frederick L. Gates started to experiment on vaccines in January 1918., 100 people a day start to refer to Army Camp Hospitals with cold, vomiting, and diarrhea from March 1918. This catastrophe took place in populated barracks. Bacterial pneumonia started to contaminate soldiers.

Disseminated information is partly false because 1. Bill Gates’ grandfather was not Frederick Gates but William Henry Gates I from Father’s side and James Willard Maxwell from mother’s side and their professional work were related to banking and furniture sales. 2. Frederick L. Gates did participate in World War I. He, as well as his father Frederick Taylor Gates participated in the meningitis vaccination process. 3. Linking Spanish Flu to meningitis vaccination isn’t backed up since there’s no scientific evidence about the connection between the virus and the meningitis vaccine.

Microsoft’s founder, Bill Gates’ official name is William Henry Gates III, his father was William Henry Gates II, and grandfather - William Henry Gates I. The latter owned a furniture store in Bremerton, where he worked in. Neither he nor his wife received secondary education but managed to give education to their oldest son – father of Bill Gates, who became a respected lawyer and philanthropist just like his son.


Photo: William Henry Gates I with his wife (Lillian Gates), daughter (Merridy Gates Williams), and son William Henry II
Source


As for Bill Gates' grandfather from mother's side, the mother of “Microsoft” founder, Mary Maxwell Gates was a teacher and civic leader from Seattle. She was born on July 5, 1929, in the family of Adele Thompson and Banker James Willard Maxwell. Interestingly, the name “Frederick" cannot be found not only in the names of Bill Gates' grandfathers but also in distant ancestors as well.


Therefore, disseminated information as if Frederick was the grandfather of Bill Gates and carried out meningitis vaccination during the 1918 Spanish Flu is false. What's more, the professional work of Bill Gates' grandfathers was not related to medicine or science.

  • Who were Frederick Taylor and Lamont Gates and how are they linked to the vaccination against bacterial meningitis?

Information disseminated by Vitalia Qardava and News-Front features Frederick L. Gates, born in 1886. He volunteered in WWI and worked in the Rockefeller Medical Center after his return. He participated in the research of the meningitis vaccination and has described the effects of the vaccine in 3,700 volunteers. In his paper Frederick L. Gates writes, that the vaccines rarely caused more than the mildest local and general reactions, which included headache, joint pains, and nausea and in some cases, diarrhea. It is also a known fact that his father Frederick Taylor Gates participated in this research. He was born in 1853 and was a Baptist minister and one of the founders of institutional philanthropy. In 1891, Gates came to the attention of one of the greatest American businessmen and philanthropist John Rockefeller because of his fundraising and planning skills. Following his proposal, Gates became Rockefeller’s advisor in philanthropic and business activities.


Fredrick Taylor Gates (1853-1929)
Photo: The Rockefeller foundation

Due to the lack of medical research centers in the U.S, Rockefeller Sanitary Commission (RSC) and Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (Later, Rockefeller University) were founded with Gates’ planning and Rockefeller’s finances. In the framework of the letter, the meningitis vaccination process started on January 15, 1918, because there was an outbreak of bacterial meningitis in the camp Funston, Kansas in October-November, 1917

Frederick Taylor Gates prepared a report on experimental vaccination on July 20, 1918, and it is still accessible online to this day. According to the information, 3700 volunteers participated in the trial and each volunteer received three injections. As for the adverse effects, the author of the report mentions several cases of diarrhea including four detailed explanations. Moreover, he notes that adverse effects were not alarming.

In March and November 2020, during the first and second wave of coronavirus, disinformation about meningitis vaccination being the cause of the Spanish Flu disseminated in the U.S. Fact-checkers at Reuter and AFP fact-checked such posts. Peter Hobbins, a professor specializing in medicine and technology at the University of Sydney, told AFP that there’s no evidence that the meningitis vaccine caused the Spanish Flu outbreak. According to the U.S. Center for Disease Control (CDC), the H1N1 virus caused the spread of the Spanish Flu, although the exact geographical origin of the virus is still unknown.

Mariam Dangadze

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EARLY FRANKFORT HISTORY

Herkimer County has the distinction of being the longest county in New York State, its length north to south being ninety miles, and covers an area of one thousand three hundred and seventy square miles. It was divided into 20 townships: Columbia, Danube, Fairfield, Frankfort, German Flatts, Herkimer, Litchfield, Little Falls, Manheim, Newport, Norway, Ohio, Russia, Salisbury, Schuyler, Stark, Warren, Winfield, Wilmurt and Webb. Webb was set off from Wilmurt in 1896. The town of Wilmurt was originally formed in 1836 and comprised a part from Russia and West Brunswick (Ohio). Its main industry was lumbering. When the Town of Webb was created, Wilmurt became a smaller town with a very small population. On January 10, 1918, the Board of Supervisors abolished the town of Wilmurt by adding land to Ohio and also to Webb.

Herkimer County has but one city - Little Falls at one time its population was more than 13,000. Thriving villages at the turn of the century were Herkimer (the county seat), Ilion, Frankfort, Dolgeville, Mohawk, Newport, Middleville, West Winfield, Poland, and Cold Brook.

It was February 4, 1796 that the township of Frankfort was taken from the town of German Flatts. At that time the western town line was at the foot of Genesee Street (Bagg's Square) in Utica. Two years later, 1798, the northwest corner was annexed to the Town of Deerfield, this when Oneida County was set off from Herkimer County.

The town of Frankfort comprises a large part of Cosby's Manor, 11.4 tiers of great lots of Bayard's Patent, four lots of Burnetsfield Patent, also portions of Frank's, Staley's, and Colden's Patents. It has been said that the township of Frankfort "may justifiably boast of supplying one of the most intriguing chapters in American History."

Frankfort received its name from Lawrence (Lewis) Frank who was one of the early settlers. He owned a large tract of land, and history reflects that he did a great deal to promote the industrial and agricultural progress in the town. His popularity is reflected in the fact that Howard's Bush was renamed Frankfort Center and McGowansville was renamed East Frankfort.

The principal water courses are Moyer Creek, which empties into the Mohawk River, and Ferguson Creek, which discharges about a mile from the west bounds of the town. Several smaller streams also discharge into the Mohawk River. The soil upon the hills is a calcareous loam. That of the valley is composed largely of the sediment which the waters of the Mohawk have deposited when they have covered this valley. Both are well adapted to the production of grass, and dairying has come to be the principal business of the farmers in the town. It is estimated that the milk from between 2,000 and 3,000 cows is manufactured into cheese at the different factories in the town, and that these cows have given an average return of $34 to $40 each, reckoning the price of cheese 6.7 cents per pound. Though the soil is also adapted to the growth of the various cereals which are produced in this climate, not enough of these are produced to more than supply the home market, thus the reason that dairying is found to be more profitable than raising grain.

The first permanent settler was Jacob Folts, a prominent name in the town of Frankfort for many years. Other pioneer names are Moyer (after whom Moyer Creek was named), and Ferguson who also will be remembered by a stream that flows through the town.

It also should be remembered that several Welsh families settled about 1800 in Welsh's Bush in the western section of the town. The Howard family settled Frankfort Center and even today it is referred to by old timers as Howard's Bush, Frankfort Hill.

In addition other pioneer settlers included Conrad Folts, Andrew Piper, David Dederick, Aaron James, Evan Evans, Joseph Harris, John Morris, John Myers, Adam Wheeler, and a family named Morgan.

Like most early settlements, the beginning industry was of necessity - saw and grist mills. The first saw mill was built in 1794 by John Hollister, the first grist mill by Adam J. Campbell in 1808, and the first inn was kept by John Myers in 1795. Later industry included a paper mill, a distillery, ashery, and the first woolen mill in Herkimer County.

About 1816 Matthew and Michael Myers built a large ashery on the bank of the river near the village, which was successfully operated for many years. George W. Henry established a manufacture of cow-bells in 1823, and later engaged in various enterprises. Several attempts have been made in Herkimer and Oneida counties to develop iron industries, both in smelting and manufacturing. The Frankfort furnace was established in 1819, by a stock company, bringing its ore from Clinton, Oneida County. It was quite successful for some years, but was finally abandoned. The town of Salisbury has an iron ore bed.

The Frankfort Woolen Factory was built in 1807 by Joseph Ingham, of Schuyler, and Joseph Collins of Frankfort. It continued to do business until 1879, the first primitive machinery being used down to 1865 when Robert Kerr purchased it from Mr. Collins and refitted it with modern machinery. It was the first woolen factory in Herkimer County.

One of the early industrial promoters worthy of mention back in the 1800's was George W. Henry who started a cow-bell factory and at the same time other minor industries as well as carried on the duties of the local Methodist minister.

Dr. Caleb Budlong was the first physician in the town and village of Frankfort he was one of the four persons who made up the first graduating class of Fairfield Medical College in 1817. The first attorney was Samuel Chapman. Later Col. George B. Judd was a prominent lawyer in this town.

The name of William Gates still brings a gleam to the eyes of Frankfort folks, and to Herkimer County residents. They enjoyed pointing to the Gates Home, the site of the old Match Factory. A display of a collection of Gates matches in the village library attracted much attention. The manufacture of friction matches began in 1844. These man-made matches were cut in three-foot lengths, both ends dipped in Selfware, dried and cut in half, making the finished match one and one-half feet long.

It took great effort and patience to introduce this new fire maker to the public. Gates, however, met the challenge and enlarged his factory eight times, operated 19 buildings, and employed three hundred people. During the 13 years when the factory reached its peak of production, the United States Government collected more than three million dollars of revenue on one cent a box of every one hundred matches. Later the interests were joined with the Diamond Match Company and after 50 years of prosperity in Frankfort, the industry was moved to Oswego in order to be nearer the lumber resources. Thus, the origin of the Diamond Match Company has its beginnings in Herkimer County and in the town and village of Frankfort. The marker at the site of the William Gates Match Factory reads: "1844 peddled matches in Utica 1854 invented the first continuous match machine and 1855 introduced the first phosphorus match." (This was accomplished by Mayor George Corrado some years ago.)

The village of Frankfort was incorporated on May 7, 1863 and by 1872 had four churches, a bank, a grist mill, a saw mill, woolen factory, and the match factory owned and operated by William Gates. The village was a principal manufacturing center for the Central New York Center for the West Shore Railroad. The railroad buildings are still here, but occupied by the Union Fork & Hoe Company and other firms.

After the completion of the West Shore Railroad the company located its shops in Frankfort. After the railroad passed into the hands and control of the New York Central, the shops were transplanted to Depew. This unexpected removal on the part of the railroad officials was, at first, regarded by the residents as an irretrievable calamity. The building of the West Shore Railroad brought prosperity to the village. The railroad's repair shops were located in Frankfort and it was a sad day when the railroad decided to discontinue its maintenance operations here.

It should be pointed out that more than 850,000 pounds of the famous Herkimer County Cheese were shipped from the West Shore Railroad Depot located within the village.

Not to be forgotten is the fact that Frankfort village and town once was an important part of the electric trolley system that linked Upstate New York all the way to Wisconsin, this as late as 1918. The only break in continued service east was between Little Falls and Fonda. That section never was built, although plans had been prepared and approved. In Frankfort there was the main line that cut through the village just south of the Town Hall. There also was a local service that accommodated Main Street.

Another historical landmark and recalled of days gone past is the Balloon Farm located at the top of Cemetery Hill. In its hey-day not only were balloons manufactured there, some for the U. S. Government, but others who enjoyed "taking to the air" including the famous Carlotta Myers. The mansion still crowns the hill and is suitably identified by an historical marker. The marker reads: "Balloon Farm. Carlotta and Carl Myers invented and manufactured balloons here in the late 1800's. Their balloon ascensions were attractions at fairs."

Town clocks have been noted in the Mohawk Valley over the past 135 years. Frankfort boasts such a clock - located on the Union Building.

A settlement existed in Frankfort as early as 1807 and consisted of 7 houses. Ten years later the population had reached 100, at which time Dr. Caleb Budlong established his medical practice. The doctor became an ardent political and ran as an elector in the interests of Henry Clay in 1844. He afterwards became associated in practice of medicine with his son-in-law, Dr. W. H. H. Parkhurst, also a graduate from the Fairfield Medical School. Dr. Parkhurst, who was a very successful practioner, followed aesoupapian (The Roman God of Medicine) art for nearly 60 years until natural infirmities and advancing years compelled him to desist.

Another outstanding resident was James McCauley, a courtly old gentleman who authored the "History of the State of New York" published in 1826.

Other industries in Frankfort utilized the building vacated by the West Shore Railroad and included the Continental Tool Company, Pratt Chuck Company, Utica Steam Gauge Company, the Michigan Condensed Milk Company, and the Acme Road Machining Company.

The Union Fork & Hoe Company, major employer in Frankfort, now occupies some of these buildings. The condensary was destroyed by fire and the bricks from its chimney were used in the construction of buildings at the Russian Monastery in Jordanville.

Other interesting facts about communities in Frankfort township include these names Frankfort Center , once was known as "Howard's Bush" and is in the geographical center of the town. At one time it was known for its cheese factory.

West Frankfort once was known as "Four Mile Grocery" due to the fact that it was on the main highway from Utica to Frankfort, and was about four miles west of Utica. This settlement also was on the Erie Canal and once boasted of a hotel, mechanic's shops and a general store.

The community of East Frankfort , located on the boundary line of German Flatts township and the village of Ilion, stems back to the early Erie Canal when it was one of the main ports-of-call for those using "Clinton's Ditch". Located about one mile east of Frankfort village, the pioneer settlement comprised two general stores, a dry dock for barges and a dozen or more houses.

The founding father was Archibald C. McGowan, a native of Pownal, Vt. born in 1825. He was left an orphan early in life and through his own efforts obtained an education. To finance this, he worked as a clerk, merchant, farmer, and boat builder. He came to Frankfort in 1854 and immediately saw a future in the Erie Canal. He established a home, built a dry dock and a general store (all on the site where the present Route 5S ends.) The area became known at McGowanville.

Archibald McGowan's early political efforts were as a Democrat, but in 1858, he turned Republican and served several terms as supervisor, then in the State Assembly and later State Senate. In those times, the senatorial district comprised Herkimer and Otsego Counties.

Mr. McGowan took a deep interest in the promotion of steam navigation on the canal boats, including packets which carried passengers. It was after Mr. McGowan's death that the hamlet became known as East Frankfort. All that remains is a high which was named McGowan Road. It links with the reconstructed Route 5S.

In the 1824 Gazetteer of the State of New York by H. G. Spafford, the write-up about Frankfort is as follows:

FRANKFORT , a Post-Township of Herkimer County, on the S. side of the Mohawk, 8 miles W. of Herkimer, and 86 miles WNW of Albany bounded N. by the Mohawk, or Schuyler and Herkimer E. by German FIatts, W. by Oneida County. The flats along the river are pretty good and extensive, but there is a large proportion of rough, broken land. It has no public buildings, excepting schoolhouses, of which there are 9: schools kept 8 months in 12: public monies received in 1821, $201.09 294 children between 5 and 15 no. taught that year, 307 taxable property, $276,580: no. of families 319 electors, 422 the whole population, 1860: no. of acres of improved land, 7066 head of cattle, 1733 horses, 517 sheep 3532 15,674 yards of cloth made in families 3 grist mills, 7 saw mills, 2 fulling mills, 2 carding machines, 1 iron works, 1 trip hammer, 3 distilleries, and l ashery. The Post Office is on the river road, 1 mile W. of the E. line, 6 miles from Herkimer (the seat of the County building) and a Correspondent writes there is a furnace in operation on the S border, which is making good castings. This Township has 3 locks on the Erie Canal, where the level from Salina terminates, a distance of 69-1/2 miles without a lock.

Data for this write-up was extracted from the following publications:

HISTORY OF HERKIMER COUNTY by George A. Hardin, Frank H. Willard, 1893.
HISTORY OF HERKIMER COUNTY 1791-1879 by F. W. Beers & Co. 1879.
Various Newspaper Write-ups - Herkimer County Historian

High School, Frankfort, N.Y. dated 1913

Business Section-East Main St., Frankfort, N. Y. dated 1918

Data compiled by Esther Hays, volunteer for Frankfort Free Library member Daughters of American Revolution, Col. Marinus Willett Chapter, Frankfort member Colonial Dames XVII Century, Mohawk Valley Chapter member Daughters of Founders and Patriots Early Frontier Chapter, New York State.


Contents

Bill Gates was born in Seattle, Washington, on October 28, 1955. [5] He is the son of William H. Gates Sr. [b] (1925–2020) and Mary Maxwell Gates (1929–1994). [23] His ancestry includes English, German, and Irish/Scots-Irish. [24] His father was a prominent lawyer, and his mother served on the board of directors for First Interstate BancSystem and the United Way of America. Gates's maternal grandfather was J. W. Maxwell, a national bank president. Gates has an older sister Kristi (Kristianne) and a younger sister Libby. He is the fourth of his name in his family but is known as William Gates III or "Trey" (i.e., three) because his father had the "II" suffix. [25] [26] The family lived in the Sand Point area of Seattle in a home that was damaged by a rare tornado when Gates was seven years old. [27]

Early in his life, Gates observed that his parents wanted him to pursue a law career. [28] When he was young, his family regularly attended a church of the Congregational Christian Churches, a Protestant Reformed denomination. [29] [30] [31] Gates was small for his age and was bullied as a child. [26] The family encouraged competition one visitor reported that "it didn't matter whether it was hearts or pickleball or swimming to the dock there was always a reward for winning and there was always a penalty for losing". [32]

At 13, he enrolled in the private Lakeside prep school, [33] [34] where he wrote his first software program. [35] When he was in the eighth grade, the Mothers' Club at the school used proceeds from Lakeside School's rummage sale to buy a Teletype Model 33 ASR terminal and a block of computer time on a General Electric (GE) computer for the students. [36] Gates took an interest in programming the GE system in BASIC, and he was excused from math classes to pursue his interest. He wrote his first computer program on this machine, an implementation of tic-tac-toe that allowed users to play games against the computer. Gates was fascinated by the machine and how it would always execute software code perfectly. [37] After the Mothers Club donation was exhausted, Gates and other students sought time on systems including DEC PDP minicomputers. One of these systems was a PDP-10 belonging to Computer Center Corporation (CCC) which banned Gates, Paul Allen, Ric Weiland, and Gates's best friend and first business partner Kent Evans, for the summer after it caught them exploiting bugs in the operating system to obtain free computer time. [38] [26]

The four students formed the Lakeside Programmers Club to make money. [26] At the end of the ban, they offered to find bugs in CCC's software in exchange for extra computer time. Rather than using the system remotely via Teletype, Gates went to CCC's offices and studied source code for various programs that ran on the system, including Fortran, Lisp, and machine language. The arrangement with CCC continued until 1970 when the company went out of business.

The following year, a Lakeside teacher enlisted Gates and Evans to automate the school's class-scheduling system, providing them computer time and royalties in return. The duo worked diligently in order to have the program ready for their senior year. Towards the end of their junior year, Evans was killed in a mountain climbing accident, which Gates has described as one of the saddest days of his life. Gates then turned to Allen who helped him finish the system for Lakeside. [26]

At 17, Gates formed a venture with Allen called Traf-O-Data to make traffic counters based on the Intel 8008 processor. [39] In 1972, he served as a congressional page in the House of Representatives. [40] [41] He was a National Merit Scholar when he graduated from Lakeside School in 1973. [42] He scored 1590 out of 1600 on the Scholastic Aptitude Tests (SAT) and enrolled at Harvard College in the autumn of 1973. [43] [44] He chose a pre-law major but took mathematics and graduate level computer science courses. [45] While at Harvard, he met fellow student Steve Ballmer. Gates left Harvard after two years while Ballmer stayed and graduated magna cum laude. Years later, Ballmer succeeded Gates as Microsoft's CEO and maintained that position from 2000 until his resignation in 2014. [46] [47]

Gates devised an algorithm for pancake sorting as a solution to one of a series of unsolved problems [48] presented in a combinatorics class by professor Harry Lewis. His solution held the record as the fastest version for over 30 years, and its successor is faster by only 2%. [48] [49] His solution was formalized and published in collaboration with Harvard computer scientist Christos Papadimitriou. [50]

Gates remained in contact with Paul Allen and joined him at Honeywell during the summer of 1974. [51] In 1975, the MITS Altair 8800 was released based on the Intel 8080 CPU, and Gates and Allen saw the opportunity to start their own computer software company. [52] Gates dropped out of Harvard that same year. His parents were supportive of him after seeing how much he wanted to start his own company. [53] He explained his decision to leave Harvard: "if things hadn't worked out, I could always go back to school. I was officially on leave." [54]

BASIC

Gates read the January 1975 issue of Popular Electronics which demonstrated the Altair 8800, and he contacted Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS) to inform them that he and others were working on a BASIC interpreter for the platform. [55] In reality, Gates and Allen did not have an Altair and had not written code for it they merely wanted to gauge MITS's interest. MITS president Ed Roberts agreed to meet them for a demonstration, and over the course of a few weeks they developed an Altair emulator that ran on a minicomputer, and then the BASIC interpreter. The demonstration was held at MITS's offices in Albuquerque, New Mexico it was a success and resulted in a deal with MITS to distribute the interpreter as Altair BASIC. MITS hired Allen, [56] and Gates took a leave of absence from Harvard to work with him at MITS in November 1975. Allen named their partnership "Micro-Soft", a combination of "microcomputer" and "software", and their first office was in Albuquerque. The first employee Gates and Allen hired was their high school collaborator Ric Weiland. [56] They dropped the hyphen within a year and officially registered the trade name "Microsoft" with the Secretary of the State of New Mexico on November 26, 1976. [56] Gates never returned to Harvard to complete his studies.

Microsoft's Altair BASIC was popular with computer hobbyists, but Gates discovered that a pre-market copy had leaked out and was being widely copied and distributed. In February 1976, he wrote an Open Letter to Hobbyists in the MITS newsletter in which he asserted that more than 90% of the users of Microsoft Altair BASIC had not paid Microsoft for it and the Altair "hobby market" was in danger of eliminating the incentive for any professional developers to produce, distribute, and maintain high-quality software. [57] This letter was unpopular with many computer hobbyists, but Gates persisted in his belief that software developers should be able to demand payment. Microsoft became independent of MITS in late 1976, and it continued to develop programming language software for various systems. [56] The company moved from Albuquerque to Bellevue, Washington on January 1, 1979. [55]

Gates said he personally reviewed and often rewrote every line of code that the company produced in its first five years. As the company grew, he transitioned into a manager role, then an executive. [58]

DONKEY.BAS, is a computer game written in 1981 and included with early versions of the PC DOS operating system distributed with the original IBM PC. It is a driving game in which the player must avoid hitting donkeys. The game was written by Gates and Neil Konzen. [59] [60]

IBM partnership

IBM, the leading supplier of computer equipment to commercial enterprises at the time, approached Microsoft in July 1980 concerning software for its upcoming personal computer, the IBM PC, [61] after Bill Gates's mother, Mary Maxwell Gates, mentioned Microsoft to John Opel, IBM's CEO. [62] IBM first proposed that Microsoft write the BASIC interpreter. IBM's representatives also mentioned that they needed an operating system, and Gates referred them to Digital Research (DRI), makers of the widely used CP/M operating system. [63] IBM's discussions with Digital Research went poorly, however, and they did not reach a licensing agreement. IBM representative Jack Sams mentioned the licensing difficulties during a subsequent meeting with Gates and asked if Microsoft could provide an operating system. A few weeks later, Gates and Allen proposed using 86-DOS, an operating system similar to CP/M, that Tim Paterson of Seattle Computer Products (SCP) had made for hardware similar to the PC. [64] Microsoft made a deal with SCP to be the exclusive licensing agent of 86-DOS, and later the full owner. Microsoft employed Paterson to adapt the operating system for the PC [65] and delivered it to IBM as PC DOS for a one-time fee of $50,000. [66]

The contract itself only earned Microsoft a relatively small fee. It was the prestige brought to Microsoft by IBM's adoption of their operating system that would be the origin of Microsoft's transformation from a small business to the leading software company in the world. Gates had not offered to transfer the copyright on the operating system to IBM because he believed that other personal computer makers would clone IBM's PC hardware. [66] They did, making the IBM-compatible PC, running DOS, a de facto standard. The sales of MS-DOS (the version of DOS sold to customers other than IBM) made Microsoft a major player in the industry. [67] The press quickly identified Microsoft as being very influential on the IBM PC. PC Magazine asked if Gates was "the man behind the machine?". [61]

Gates oversaw Microsoft's company restructuring on June 25, 1981, which re-incorporated the company in Washington state and made Gates the president and chairman of the board, with Paul Allen as vice president and vice chairman. In early 1983, Allen left the company after receiving a Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosis, effectively ending the formal business partnership between Gates and Allen, which had been strained months prior due to a contentious dispute over Microsoft equity. [55] [68] Later in the decade, Gates repaired his relationship with Allen and together the two donated millions to their childhood school Lakeside. [26] They remained friends until Allen's death in October 2018. [69]

Windows

Microsoft and Gates launched their first retail version of Microsoft Windows on November 20, 1985 in an attempt to fend off competition from Apple's Macintosh GUI, which had bewitched consumers with its simplicity and ease of use. [70] In August of the following year, the company struck a deal with IBM to develop a separate operating system called OS/2. Although the two companies successfully developed the first version of the new system, the partnership deteriorated due to mounting creative differences. [71] The operating system grew out of DOS in an organic fashion over a decade, until with Windows 95 the DOS text screen was relegated to the closet. Windows XP, released one year after Gates stepped down as Microsoft CEO, reportedly was the first to not be based on DOS. [72] Windows 8.1 was the last version of the OS released before Gates left the Chair of the firm to John W. Thompson on February 5, 2014. [73] As of 2020, the latest release is known as Windows 10.

Management style

Gates had primary responsibility for Microsoft's product strategy from the company's founding from 1975 until 2006. He gained a reputation for being distant from others an industry executive complained in 1981 that "Gates is notorious for not being reachable by phone and for not returning phone calls." [74] An Atari executive recalled that he showed Gates a game and defeated him 35 of 37 times. When they met again a month later, Gates "won or tied every game. He had studied the game until he solved it. That is a competitor". [75]

In the early 1980s, while business partner Paul Allen was undergoing treatments for cancer, Gates — according to Allen — conspired to reduce Allen's share in Microsoft by issuing himself stock options. [76] [77] [78] In his autobiography, Allen would later recall that Gates was "scheming to rip me off. It was mercenary opportunism plain and simple". [76] Gates says he remembers the episode differently. [77] Allen would also recall that Gates was prone to shouting episodes. [78]

Gates met regularly with Microsoft's senior managers and program managers, and the managers described him as being verbally combative. He also berated them for perceived holes in their business strategies or proposals that placed the company's long-term interests at risk. [79] [80] He interrupted presentations with such comments as "that's the stupidest thing I've ever heard" [81] and "why don't you just give up your options and join the Peace Corps?" [82] The target of his outburst would then have to defend the proposal in detail until Gates was fully convinced. [81] When subordinates appeared to be procrastinating, he was known to remark sarcastically, "I'll do it over the weekend." [83] [84] [85]

During Microsoft's early years, Gates was an active software developer, particularly in the company's programming language products, but his primary role in most of the company's history was as a manager and executive. He has not officially been on a development team since working on the TRS-80 Model 100, [86] but he wrote code that shipped with the company's products as late as 1989. [84] Jerry Pournelle wrote in 1985 when Gates announced Microsoft Excel: "Bill Gates likes the program, not because it's going to make him a lot of money (although I'm sure it will do that), but because it's a neat hack." [87]

On June 15, 2006, Gates announced that he would transition out of his role at Microsoft to dedicate more time to philanthropy. He gradually divided his responsibilities between two successors when he placed Ray Ozzie in charge of management and Craig Mundie in charge of long-term product strategy. [88] The process took two years to fully transfer his duties to Ozzie and Mundie, and was completed on June 27, 2008. [89]

Antitrust litigation

Gates approved of many decisions that led to antitrust litigation over Microsoft's business practices. In the 1998 United States v. Microsoft case, Gates gave deposition testimony that several journalists characterized as evasive. He argued with examiner David Boies over the contextual meaning of words such as "compete", "concerned", and "we". Later in the year, when portions of the videotaped deposition were played back in court, the judge was seen laughing and shaking his head. [90] BusinessWeek reported:

Early rounds of his deposition show him offering obfuscatory answers and saying "I don't recall" so many times that even the presiding judge had to chuckle. Worse, many of the technology chief's denials and pleas of ignorance were directly refuted by prosecutors with snippets of e-mail that Gates both sent and received. [91]

Gates later said that he had simply resisted attempts by Boies to mischaracterize his words and actions. "Did I fence with Boies? … I plead guilty… rudeness to Boies in the first degree." [92] Despite Gates's denials, the judge ruled that Microsoft had committed monopolization, tying and blocking competition, each in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act. [92]

Since leaving day-to-day operations at Microsoft, Gates has continued his philanthropy and works on other projects.

According to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index, Gates was the world's highest-earning billionaire in 2013, as his net worth increased by US$15.8 billion to US$78.5 billion. As of January 2014 [update] , most of Gates's assets are held in Cascade Investment LLC, an entity through which he owns stakes in numerous businesses, including Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts, and Corbis Corp. [93] On February 4, 2014, Gates stepped down as chairman of Microsoft to become "technology advisor" at the firm, alongside CEO Satya Nadella. [13] [94]

Gates provided his perspective on a range of issues in a substantial interview that was published in the March 27, 2014 issue of Rolling Stone magazine. In the interview, Gates provided his perspective on climate change, his charitable activities, various tech companies and people involved in them, and the state of America. In response to a question about his greatest fear when he looks 50 years into the future, Gates stated: ". there'll be some really bad things that'll happen in the next 50 or 100 years, but hopefully none of them on the scale of, say, a million people that you didn't expect to die from a pandemic, or nuclear or bioterrorism." Gates also identified innovation as the "real driver of progress" and pronounced that "America's way better today than it's ever been." [95]

Gates has expressed concern about the potential harms of superintelligence in a Reddit "ask me anything", he stated that:

First the machines will do a lot of jobs for us and not be super intelligent. That should be positive if we manage it well. A few decades after that though the intelligence is strong enough to be a concern. I agree with Elon Musk and some others on this and don't understand why some people are not concerned. [96] [97] [98] [99]

In an interview that was held at the TED conference in March 2015, with Baidu's CEO, Robin Li, Gates said he would "highly recommend" Nick Bostrom's recent work, Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies. [100] During the conference, Gates warned that the world was not prepared for the next pandemic, a situation that would come to pass in late 2019 when the COVID-19 pandemic began. [101] In March 2018, Gates met at his home in Seattle with Mohammed bin Salman, the reformist crown prince and de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia to discuss investment opportunities for Saudi Vision 2030. [102] [103] In June 2019, Gates admitted that losing the mobile operating system race to Android was his biggest mistake. He stated that it was within their skill set of being the dominant player, but partially blames the antitrust litigation during the time. [104] That same year, Gates became an Advisory Board Member of the Bloomberg New Economy Forum. [105]

On March 13, 2020, Microsoft announced Gates would be leaving his board positions at Berkshire Hathaway and Microsoft to dedicate his efforts in philanthropic endeavors such as climate change, global health and development, and education. [14]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Gates has widely been looked at by media outlets as an expert on the issue, despite him not being a public official or having any prior medical training. [106] His foundation did, however, establish the COVID-19 Therapeutics Accelerator in 2020 to hasten the development and evaluation of new and repurposed drugs and biologics to treat patients for COVID-19, [107] and, as of February 2021, Gates expressed that he and Anthony Fauci frequently talk and collaborate on matters including vaccines and other medical innovations to fight the pandemic. [108]

Business ventures and investments (partial list)

Gates has a multi-billion dollar investment portfolio with stake in various sectors [109] and has participated in several entrepreneurial ventures beyond Microsoft, including:

    , automotive retailer that Gates has a 16% stake in trading on the NYSE. [citation needed] LLC, a think-tank and research company founded by Gates. [citation needed] , a Canadian Class I freight railway. As of 2019, Gates is the largest single shareholder of CN stock. [110] LLC, a private investment and holding company incorporated in the United States, founded and controlled by Gates and headquartered in Kirkland, Washington. [citation needed]
    • Gates is the top private owner of farmland in the United States with landholdings owned via Cascade Investment totalling 242,000 acres across 19 states. [111][112] He is the 49th largest private owner of land in the US. [113]
      , Keith's academic venture in "sun-dimming" geoengineering, which Gates provided most of the $12 million for. [118]

    Gates considers climate change and global access to energy to be critical, interrelated issues. He has urged governments and the private sector to invest in research and development to make clean, reliable energy cheaper. Gates envisions that a breakthrough innovation in sustainable energy technology could drive down both greenhouse gas emissions and poverty, and bring economic benefits by stabilizing energy prices. [132] In 2011, he said:

    In 2015, he wrote about the challenge of transitioning the world's energy system from one based primarily on fossil fuels to one based on sustainable energy sources. Global energy transitions have historically taken decades. He wrote, "I believe we can make this transition faster, both because the pace of innovation is accelerating, and because we have never had such an urgent reason to move from one source of energy to another." [134] This rapid transition, according to Gates, would depend on increased government funding for basic research and financially risky private-sector investment, to enable innovation in diverse areas such as nuclear energy, grid energy storage to facilitate greater use of solar and wind energy, and solar fuels. [135]

    Gates spearheaded two initiatives that he announced at the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris. One was Mission Innovation, in which 20 national governments pledged to double their spending on research and development for carbon-free energy in over five years’ time . [132] Another initiative was Breakthrough Energy, a group of investors who agreed to fund high-risk startups in clean energy technologies. Gates, who had already invested $1 billion of his own money in innovative energy startups, committed a further $1 billion to Breakthrough Energy. [135] In December 2020, he called for the U.S. federal government to create institutes for clean energy research, analogous to the National Institutes of Health. [136] Gates has also urged rich nations to shift to 100% synthetic beef industries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from food production. [137]

    Gates has been criticised for holding a large stake in Signature Aviation, a company that services emissions-intensive private jets. [138] In 2019, he began to divest from fossil fuels. He does not expect divestment itself to have much practical impact, but says that if his efforts to provide alternatives were to fail, he would not want to personally benefit from an increase in fossil fuel stock prices. [139] After publishing his book How to Avoid a Climate Disaster, parts of the climate activist community criticized Gate's approach as technological solutionism. [140]

    In June 2021, Gates's company TerraPower and Warren Buffett's PacifiCorp announced the first Sodium nuclear reactor in Wyoming. Wyoming Governor Mike Gordon hailed the project as a step toward carbon-negative nuclear power. Wyoming Senator John Barrasso also said that it could boost the state's once active uranium mining industry. [141]

    Regulation of the software industry

    In 1998, Gates rejected the need for regulation of the software industry in testimony before the United States Senate. [142]

    Donald Trump Facebook ban

    On February 18, 2021, after Facebook and Twitter had banned Donald Trump from their platforms as a result of the 2020 United States presidential election which led to the 2021 United States Capitol attack, Gates said a permanent ban of Trump "would be a shame" and would amount to an "extreme measure." He warned that such a move would cause "polarization" if users with different political views divide up among various social networks. "I don't think banning somebody who actually did get a fair number of votes (in the presidential election) – well less than a majority – but I don't think having him off forever would be that good." [142]

    Patents for COVID-19 vaccines

    In April 2021, during the COVID-19 pandemic, Gates was criticized for suggesting that pharmaceutical companies should hold onto patents for COVID-19 vaccines. The criticism came due to the possibility of this preventing poorer nations from obtaining adequate vaccines. Tara Van Ho of the University of Essex stated, "Gates speaks as if all the lives being lost in India are inevitable but eventually the West will help when in reality the US & UK are holding their feet on the neck of developing states by refusing to break [intellectual property rights] protections. It's disgusting." [143]

    Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

    Gates studied the work of Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller, and donated some of his Microsoft stock in 1994 to create the "William H. Gates Foundation". In 2000, Gates and his wife combined three family foundations and Gates donated stock valued at $5 billion to create the charitable Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which was identified by the Funds for NGOs company in 2013, as the world's wealthiest charitable foundation, with assets reportedly valued at more than $34.6 billion. [144] [145] The foundation allows benefactors to access information that shows how its money is being spent, unlike other major charitable organizations such as the Wellcome Trust. [146] [147] Gates, through his foundation, also donated $20 million to Carnegie Mellon University for a new building to be named Gates Center for Computer Science which opened in 2009. [148] [149]

    Gates has credited the generosity and extensive philanthropy of David Rockefeller as a major influence. Gates and his father met with Rockefeller several times, and their charity work is partly modeled on the Rockefeller family's philanthropic focus, whereby they are interested in tackling the global problems that are ignored by governments and other organizations. [150] As of 2007 [update] , Bill and Melinda Gates were the second-most generous philanthropists in America, having given over $28 billion to charity [151] the couple plan to eventually donate 95% of their wealth to charity. [152]

    The foundation is organized into five program areas: Global Development Division, Global Health Division, United States Division, and Global Policy & Advocacy Division. Among others, it supports a wide range of public health projects, granting aid to fight transmissible diseases such AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, as well as widespread vaccine programs to eradicate polio. It grants funds to learning institutes and libraries and supports scholarships at universities. The foundation established a water, sanitation and hygiene program to provide sustainable sanitation services in poor countries. [153] Its agriculture division supports the International Rice Research Institute in developing Golden Rice, a genetically modified rice variant used to combat vitamin A deficiency. [154] The goal of the foundation is to provide 120 million women and girls, in the poorest countries, with high-quality contraceptive information and services, with the longer-term goal of universal access to voluntary family planning. [155] In 2007, the Los Angeles Times criticized the foundation for investing its assets in companies that have been accused of worsening poverty, pollution and pharmaceutical firms that do not sell to developing countries. [156] Although the foundation announced a review of its investments to assess social responsibility, [157] it was subsequently canceled and upheld its policy of investing for maximum return, while using voting rights to influence company practices. [158]

    Gates delivered his thoughts in a fireside chat moderated by journalist and news anchor Shereen Bhan virtually at the Singapore FinTech Festival on December 8, 2020 on the topic, "Building Infrastructure for Resilience: What the COVID-19 Response Can Teach Us About How to Scale Financial Inclusion". [159]

    Governments are there to think ahead to bad things that might happen. In the case of (the Covid-19) pandemic, not enough was done. We can't forget that another pandemic will come and we'll need to invest in being ready in that, . while not forgetting that we were not prepared and we're going to have to invest - just like having a fire department - some money in an intelligent way and actually simulate what might happen and make sure that we're ready for it. [159]

    Gates favours the normalization of COVID-19 masks. In a November 2020 interview, he said: "What are these, like, nudists? I mean, you know, we ask you to wear pants, and no American says, or very few Americans say, that that's, like, some terrible thing." [160]

    Personal donations

    Melinda Gates suggested that people should emulate the philanthropic efforts of the Salwen family, who sold their home and gave away half of its value, as detailed in their book, The Power of Half. [161] Gates and his wife invited Joan Salwen to Seattle to speak about what the family had done, and on December 9, 2010, Bill and Melinda Gates and investor Warren Buffett each signed a commitment they called the "Giving Pledge", which is a commitment by all three to donate at least half of their wealth, over the course of time, to charity. [162] [163] [164]

    Gates has also provided personal donations to educational institutions. In 1999, Gates donated $20 million to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for the construction of a computer laboratory named the "William H. Gates Building" that was designed by architect Frank Gehry. While Microsoft had previously given financial support to the institution, this was the first personal donation received from Gates. [165]

    The Maxwell Dworkin Laboratory of the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences is named after the mothers of both Gates and Microsoft President Steven A. Ballmer, both of whom were students (Ballmer was a member of the School's graduating class of 1977, while Gates left his studies for Microsoft), and donated funds for the laboratory's construction. [166] Gates also donated $6 million to the construction of the Gates Computer Science Building, completed in January 1996, on the campus of Stanford University. The building contains the Computer Science Department and the Computer Systems Laboratory (CSL) of Stanford's Engineering department. [167]

    Since 2005, Gates and his foundation have taken an interest in solving global sanitation problems. For example, they announced the "Reinvent the Toilet Challenge", which has received considerable media interest. [168] To raise awareness for the topic of sanitation and possible solutions, Gates drank water that was "produced from human feces" in 2014 – it was produced from a sewage sludge treatment process called the Omni Processor. [169] [170] In early 2015, he also appeared with Jimmy Fallon on The Tonight Show and challenged him to see if he could taste the difference between this reclaimed water or bottled water. [171]

    In November 2017, Gates said he would give $50 million to the Dementia Discovery Fund, a venture capital fund that seeks treatment for Alzheimer's disease. He also pledged an additional $50 million to start-up ventures working in Alzheimer's research. [172] Bill and Melinda Gates have said that they intend to leave their three children $10 million each as their inheritance. With only $30 million kept in the family, they are expected to give away about 99.96% of their wealth. [173] On August 25, 2018, Gates distributed $600,000 through his foundation via UNICEF which is helping flood affected victims in Kerala, India. [174]

    Charity sports events

    On April 29, 2017, Gates partnered with Swiss tennis legend Roger Federer in playing in the Match for Africa 4, a noncompetitive tennis match at a sold-out Key Arena in Seattle. The event was in support of the Roger Federer Foundation's charity efforts in Africa. [175] Federer and Gates played against John Isner, the top-ranked American player for much of this decade, and Mike McCready, the lead guitarist for Pearl Jam. The pair won the match 6 games to 4. Overall, they raised $2 million for children in Africa. [176] The following year, Gates and Federer returned to play in the Match for Africa 5 on March 5, 2018, at San Jose's SAP Center. Their opponents were Jack Sock, one of the top American players and a grand slam winner in doubles, and Savannah Guthrie, a co-anchor for NBC's Today show. Gates and Federer recorded their second match victory together by a score of 6–3 and the event raised over $2.5 million. [177]

    Gates has written three books:

    • The Road Ahead, written with Microsoft executive Nathan Myhrvold and journalist Peter Rinearson, was published in November 1995. It summarized the implications of the personal computing revolution and described a future profoundly changed by the arrival of a global information superhighway.
    • Business @ the Speed of Thought was published in 1999, and discusses how business and technology are integrated, and shows how digital infrastructures and information networks can help to get an edge on the competition.
    • How to Avoid a Climate Disaster (February 2021) presents what Gates learned in over a decade of studying climate change and investing in innovations to address climate problems. [178]

    Gates married Melinda French on the Hawaiian Island of Lanai on January 1, 1994. [179] They met in 1987 after Melinda began working at Microsoft. [180] At the time of their marriage, Gates was given permission by Melinda to spend limited time with his ex-girlfriend, businesswoman Ann Winblad. [181] Bill and Melinda have three children: Jennifer, Rory and Phoebe. [182] The family's residence is an earth-sheltered mansion in the side of a hill overlooking Lake Washington in Medina, Washington. In 2009, property taxes on the mansion were reported to be US$1.063 million, on a total assessed value of US$147.5 million. [183] The 66,000-square-foot (6,100 m 2 ) estate has a 60-foot (18 m) swimming pool with an underwater music system, as well as a 2,500-square-foot (230 m 2 ) gym and a 1,000-square-foot (93 m 2 ) dining room. [184] On May 3, 2021, Bill and Melinda Gates announced that they had decided to divorce following 27 years of marriage, and 34 years as a couple. [185] The couple said they will keep working together on charitable efforts. [185] [186]

    The Wall Street Journal reported that Melinda had been meeting with divorce attorneys since 2019, citing interviews that suggested Bill's ties with convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein was at least one of her concerns. [187] A New York Times article also reported several cases of misconduct at Microsoft and at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, where Bill Gates pursued women who worked for him and had an affair with an employee at Microsoft in 2000. Six current and former employees of Microsoft reported that Gates created at times an uncomfortable workplace environment for women. The same article reports that Bill Gates's relationship with Epstein started in 2011, just a few years after his conviction, and continued for some years, including a visit to his house with Melinda in the fall of 2013, despite her declared discomfort with the situation. [188]

    In an interview with Rolling Stone, Gates stated in regard to his faith: "The moral systems of religion, I think, are super important. We've raised our kids in a religious way they've gone to the Catholic church that Melinda goes to and I participate in. I've been very lucky, and therefore I owe it to try and reduce the inequity in the world. And that's kind of a religious belief. I mean, it's at least a moral belief." [189] In the same 2014 interview Gates also said: "I agree with people like Richard Dawkins that mankind felt the need for creation myths. Before we really began to understand disease and the weather and things like that, we sought false explanations for them. Now science has filled in some of the realm – not all – that religion used to fill. But the mystery and the beauty of the world is overwhelmingly amazing, and there's no scientific explanation of how it came about. To say that it was generated by random numbers, that does seem, you know, sort of an uncharitable view [laughs]. I think it makes sense to believe in God, but exactly what decision in your life you make differently because of it, I don't know." [189]

    Gates purchased the Codex Leicester, a collection of scientific writings by Leonardo da Vinci, for US$30.8 million at an auction in 1994. [190] In 1998, Gates reportedly paid $30 million for the original 1885 maritime painting Lost on the Grand Banks, at the time a record price for an American painting. [191] Gates is an avid reader, and the ceiling of his large home library is engraved with a quotation from The Great Gatsby. [192] He also enjoys playing bridge, tennis, and golf. [193] [194] Gates's days are planned for him on a minute-by-minute basis, similar to the U.S. President's schedule. [195] Despite his wealth and extensive business travel, Gates flew coach (economy class) in commercial aircraft until 1997, when he bought a private jet. [196]

    In 2016, he revealed that he is color-blind. [197]

    Wealth tallies

    In 1999, his wealth briefly surpassed US$101 billion. [198] [196] Since 2000, the nominal value of his Microsoft holdings has declined due to a fall in Microsoft's stock price after the dot-com bubble burst and the multi-billion dollar donations he has made to his charitable foundations. In May 2006, Gates remarked that he wished that he were not the richest man in the world because he disliked the attention it brought. [199] In March 2010, Gates was the second wealthiest person after Carlos Slim, but regained the top position in 2013, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires List. [200] [201] Slim retook the position again in June 2014 [202] [203] (but then lost the top position back to Gates). Between 2009 and 2014, his wealth doubled from US$40 billion to more than US$82 billion. [204] In October 2017, Gates was surpassed by Amazon founder Jeff Bezos as the richest person in the world. [18] On November 15, 2019, he once again became the richest person in the world after a 48% increase in Microsoft shares, surpassing Bezos. [205] Gates told the BBC, "I've paid more tax than any individual ever, and gladly so . I've paid over $6 billion in taxes." [206] He is a proponent of higher taxes, particularly for the rich. [207]

    Gates has held the top spot on the list of The World's Billionaires for 18 out of the past 23 years. [208] Gates has several investments outside Microsoft, which in 2006 paid him a salary of US$616,667 and US$350,000 bonus totalling US$966,667. [209] In 1989, he founded Corbis, a digital imaging company. In 2004, he became a director of Berkshire Hathaway, the investment company headed by long-time friend Warren Buffett. [210]

    In 1987, Gates was listed as a billionaire in Forbes magazine's 400 Richest People in America issue, worth $1.25 billion at the time, and was the world's youngest self-made billionaire. [16] Since 1987, Gates has been included in the Forbes The World's Billionaires list and was the wealthiest person from 1995 to 1996, [211] 1998 to 2007, 2009, and held the spot until 2018 before being overtaken by Jeff Bezos. [17] Gates was number one on the Forbes 400 list from 1993 through to 2007, 2009, and 2014 through 2017. [212] [213]

    • Time magazine named Gates one of the 100 people who most influenced the 20th century, as well as one of the 100 most influential people of 2004, 2005, and 2006.
    • Time also collectively named Gates, his wife Melinda and U2's lead singer Bono as the 2005 Persons of the Year for their humanitarian efforts. [214] In 2006, he was voted eighth in the list of "Heroes of our time". [215]
    • Gates was listed in the London Sunday Times power list in 1999, named CEO of the year by Chief Executive Officers magazine in 1994, ranked number one in the "Top 50 Cyber Elite" by Time in 1998, ranked number two in the Upside Elite 100 in 1999, and was included in The Guardian as one of the "Top 100 influential people in media" in 2001. [216]
    • Gates was elected Member of the US National Academy of Engineering in 1996 "for contributions to the founding and development of personal computing". [217]
    • He was named Honorary Member of the American Library Association in 1998. [218]
    • He was elected a foreign member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering in 2017. [219]
    • According to Forbes, Gates was ranked as the fourth most powerful person in the world in 2012, [220] up from fifth in 2011. [221]
    • In 1994, he was honored as the 20th Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society (DFBCS). In 1999, Gates received New York Institute of Technology's President's Medal. [222]
    • Gates has received honorary doctorates from Nyenrode Business Universiteit (2003), [223]KTH Royal Institute of Technology (2002), [224]Waseda University (2005), [225]Tsinghua University (2007), [226] Harvard University (2007), [227] the Karolinska Institute (2007), [228] and Cambridge University (2009). [229]
    • He was also made an honorary trustee of Peking University in 2007. [230]
    • Gates was made an Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II in 2005. [231]
    • In January 2006, he was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry by the President of Portugal Jorge Sampaio
    • In November 2006, he was awarded the Placard of the Order of the Aztec Eagle, together with his wife Melinda who was awarded the Insignia of the same order, both for their philanthropic work around the world in the areas of health and education, particularly in Mexico, and specifically in the program "Un país de lectores". [232]
    • Gates received the 2010 Bower Award for Business Leadership from The Franklin Institute for his achievements at Microsoft and his philanthropic work. [233]
    • Also in 2010, he was honored with the Silver Buffalo Award by the Boy Scouts of America, its highest award for adults, for his service to youth. [234]
    • In 2002, Bill and Melinda Gates received the Jefferson Award for Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged. [235]
    • He was given the 2006 James C. Morgan Global Humanitarian Award from the Tech Awards. [236]
    • In 2015, Gates and his wife Melinda received the Padma Bhushan, India's third-highest civilian award for their social work in the country. [237][238] honored Bill and Melinda Gates with the Presidential Medal of Freedom for their philanthropic efforts in 2016, [239] and François Hollande awarded Bill and Melinda in the following year with France's highest national order – as Commander of the Legion of Honour for their charity efforts. [240] named Bill Gates' flower fly, Eristalis gatesi, in his honor in 1997. [241]

    Documentary films about Gates

      (1990)
    • Triumph of the Nerds (1996)
    • Nerds 2.0.1 (1998)
    • Waiting for "Superman" (2010) [243]
    • The Virtual Revolution (2010)
    • Inside Bill's Brain: Decoding Bill Gates (2019)

    Feature films

    • 1999: Pirates of Silicon Valley, a film that chronicles the rise of Apple and Microsoft from the early 1970s to 1997. Gates is portrayed by Anthony Michael Hall.
    • 2002: Nothing So Strange, a mockumentary featuring Gates as the subject of a modern assassination. Gates briefly appears at the start, played by Steve Sires.
    • 2010: The Social Network, a film that chronicles the development of Facebook. Gates is portrayed by Steve Sires. [244]
    • 2015: Steve Jobs vs. Bill Gates: The Competition to Control the Personal Computer, 1974–1999: Original film from the National Geographic Channel for the American Genius series. [245]

    Video and film clips

    • 1983: Steve Jobs hosts Bill Gates in the Macintosh dating game at the Macintosh pre-launch event (with Steve Jobs and Mitch Kapor, references the television show, The Dating Game)
    • 2007: Steve Jobs and Bill Gates Together at the D5 Conference, All Things Digital
    • 2009− : Bill Gates has given numerous TED talks on current concerns such as innovation, education and fighting global diseases [246]

    Radio

    Gates was the guest on BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs on January 31, 2016, in which he talked about his relationships with his father and Steve Jobs, meeting Melinda Ann French, the start of Microsoft and some of his habits (for example reading The Economist "from cover to cover every week"). His choice of things to take on a desert island were, for music: "Blue Skies" by Willie Nelson a book: The Better Angels of Our Nature by Steven Pinker and luxury item: a DVD Collection of Lectures from The Teaching Company. [247]

    Television

    Gates made a guest appearance as himself on the TV show The Big Bang Theory. The episode on which he appeared was appropriately entitled "The Gates Excitation". [248] He also appeared in a cameo role in 2019 on the series finale of Silicon Valley. [249]

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    2. ^ His father was named William H. Gates II, but he is now generally known as William H. Gates, Senior to avoid confusion with his son.
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    Bibliography

    • Fridson, Martin (2001). How to Be a Billionaire: Proven Strategies from the Titans of Wealth. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN0-471-41617-7 .
    • Gates, Bill (1996). The Road Ahead. Penguin Books. ISBN0-14-026040-4 .
    • Lesinski, Jeanne M. (2006). Bill Gates (biography). A&E Television Networks. ISBN0-8225-7027-0 .
    • Manes, Stephen (1994). Gates: How Microsoft's Mogul Reinvented an Industry and Made Himself The Richest Man in America. Touchstone Pictures. ISBN0-671-88074-8 .
    • Wallace, James (1993). Hard Drive: Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Empire. New York City: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN0-471-56886-4 .

    Primary sources

    • Gates, Bill. "An exclusive interview with Bill Gates." Financial Times 1 (2013). online
    • Gates, Bill. "Remarks of Bill Gates, Harvard Commencement 2007." Harvard Gazette 7 (2007). online
    • Kinsley, Michael, and Conor Clarke, eds. Creative capitalism: A conversation with Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, and other economic leaders (Simon and Schuster, 2009).
    • Leibovich, Mark. The New Imperialists (Prentice Hall, 2002) pp 139–182. online
    • Bank, David (2001). Breaking Windows: how Bill Gates fumbled the future of Microsoft. New York City: Free Press. ISBN0-7432-0315-1 .
    • Rivlin, Gary (1999). The plot to get Bill Gates: an irreverent investigation of the world's richest man. and the people who hate him. New York City: Times Business. ISBN0-8129-3006-1 .
    • "83 Reasons Why Bill Gates's Reign Is Over". Wired. 6 (12). December 1998. Archived from the original on August 22, 2010.
    • Kildall, Gary (October 25, 2004). "The Man Who Could Have Been Bill Gates". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on April 4, 2006 . Retrieved June 9, 2010 . , The Economist, June 28, 2008.
    • Wallace, James. Overdrive: Bill Gates and the race to control cyberspace (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997).
    • Media from Wikimedia Commons
    • News from Wikinews
    • Quotations from Wikiquote
    • Texts from Wikisource
    • Data from Wikidata
    • Official website
    • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
    • Official YouTube channel on C-SPAN at IMDb at TED
    • Biography portal
    • Business and economics portal
    • Companies portal
    • Computer programming portal
    • Internet portal
    • Renewable energy portal
    • Technology portal
    • United States portal

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    Gates met Allen, who was two years his senior, in high school at Lakeside School. The pair became fast friends, bonding over their common enthusiasm for computers, even though they were very different people. Allen was more reserved and shy. Gates was feisty and at times combative.

    Regardless of their differences, Allen and Gates spent much of their free time together working on programs. Occasionally, the two disagreed and would clash over who was right or who should run the computer lab. On one occasion, their argument escalated to the point where Allen banned Gates from the computer lab.

    At one point, Gates and Allen had their school computer privileges revoked for taking advantage of software glitches to obtain free computer time from the company that provided the computers. After their probation, they were allowed back in the computer lab when they offered to debug the program. During this time, Gates developed a payroll program for the computer company the boys had hacked into and a scheduling program for the school.

    In 1970, at the age of 15, Gates and Allen went into business together, developing "Traf-o-Data," a computer program that monitored traffic patterns in Seattle. They netted $20,000 for their efforts. Gates and Allen wanted to start their own company, but Gates&apos parents wanted him to finish school and go on to college, where they hoped he would work to become a lawyer.

    Allen went to Washington State University, while Gates went to Harvard, though the pair stayed in touch. After attending college for two years, Allen dropped out and moved to Boston, Massachusetts, to work for Honeywell. Around this time, he showed Gates an edition of Popular Electronics magazine featuring an article on the Altair 8800 mini-computer kit. Both young men were fascinated with the possibilities of what this computer could create in the world of personal computing.

    The Altair was made by a small company in Albuquerque, New Mexico, called Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS). Gates and Allen contacted the company, proclaiming that they were working on a BASIC software program that would run the Altair computer. In reality, they didn&apost have an Altair to work with or the code to run it, but they wanted to know if MITS was interested in someone developing such software.

    MITS was, and its president, Ed Roberts, asked the boys for a demonstration. Gates and Allen scrambled, spending the next two months writing the BASIC software at Harvard&aposs computer lab. Allen traveled to Albuquerque for a test run at MITS, never having tried it out on an Altair computer. It worked perfectly. Allen was hired at MITS, and Gates soon left Harvard to work with him. Together they founded Microsoft.

    Allen remained with Microsoft until 1983, when he was diagnosed with Hodgkin&aposs disease. Though his cancer went into remission a year later with intensive treatment, Allen resigned from the company. Rumors abound as to why Allen left Microsoft. Some say Gates pushed him out, but many say it was a life-changing experience for Allen and he saw there were other opportunities that he could invest his time in.


    Eugenics in America: The Legacy of Sanger and Gates

    Every form of social or cultural discrimination in fundamental personal rights on the grounds of sex, race, color, social conditions, language, or religion must be curbed and eradicated as incompatible with God’s design. (Catechism of the Catholic Church, #1935)

    History of Eugenics

    The Eugenics Movement was a potent political force in early 20th century America. However, its membership was of a much different ilk compared to Hitler and the jack-booted soldiers of the Third Reich. As Ross Douthat wrote in the New York Times,

    [These] American eugenicists …were often political and social liberals — advocates of social reform, partisans of science, critics of stasis and reaction. [Quoting author Richard Conniff] “They weren’t sinister characters …but environmentalists, peace activists, fitness buffs, healthy-living enthusiasts, inventors and family men…who saw the quest for a better gene pool as of a piece with their broader dream of human advancement.”

    One of the original members of this crusade was Margaret Sanger, founder of Planned Parenthood. Her unwavering support of eugenics as a means of achieving economic stability and improved public health was well-documented in her many essays and speeches.

    The Eugenics Movement faded to the background after World War II amid the horrors of the Nazi holocaust. However, it continues to exert an influence on the modern activities of Planned Parenthood, particularly regarding its relationship with African-Americans and other minorities. It also can be seen in the philanthropic activities of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Their tactics for combating climate change and addressing global health issues would make Margaret Sanger proud.

    The Negro Project

    We who advocate Birth Control, on the other hand, lay all our emphasis upon stopping not only the reproduction of the unfit but upon stopping all reproduction when there is not economic means of providing proper care for those who were born in health. Margaret Sanger, “Birth Control and Racial Betterment” (February, 1919)

    Sanger’s most successful endeavor toward this goal was what she called “The Negro Project.”

    The propaganda of The Negro Project was that birth control meant better health. So, on this premise, the Birth Control Federation of America (later named Planned Parenthood) designed two southern Negro Project “demonstration programs” to show “how medically-supervised birth control integrated in to existing public health services could improve the general welfare of Negroes, and to initiate a nationwide educational program.” Tanya L. Green, The Negro Project: Margaret Sanger’s Eugenic Plan for Black America

    In order for The Negro Project to succeed, Sanger emphasized the need to have influential black leaders and, especially, ministers, educated in the goals of the birth control movement.

    Sanger knew blacks were religious people–and how useful ministers would be to her project. She wrote, “The minister’s work is also important and he should be trained perhaps by the Federation as to our ideals and the goal that we hope to reach. We do not want word to go our that we want to exterminate the Negro population, and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.” (Green, 4)

    “Abortion is Racism”

    Backed by funding from the wealthy Rockefeller Foundation, The Negro Project was a success.

    By 1949, Sanger had hoodwinked black America’s best and brightest into believing birth control’s “life-saving benefits.”

    [Black leadership] certainly wanted to decrease maternal and infant mortality and improve the community’s overall health. They wholly accepted her message because it seemed to promise prosperity and social acceptance. … [However,] aside from birth control, she offered no other medical or social solutions to their adversity. Considering the role eugenics played in the early birth control movement…the notion of birth control as seemingly the only solution to the problems that plagued blacks should have been much more closely scrutinized. (Green, 5)

    Sanger lost control of The Negro Project to other members of her Federation before her vision was completely achieved. However, current statistics attest to the lingering success of her strategy.

    79 percent of Planned Parenthood’s surgical abortion facilities are located in or within walking distance of predominately African-American and Latino communities.

    African-Americans have a disproportionately high abortion rate though they make up 13 percent of the U.S. population, they comprise 30 percent of the country’s abortions (From Protecting Black Life. org)

    Clearly, according to African-American pro-life leader, Dr. Alveda King, “Abortion is racism.”

    The Urgency of Population Issues

    The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has donated billions to the cause of improving global health, largely by sponsoring vaccine and agricultural programs in Third World countries. In an interview on the PBS program NOW with Bill Moyes (May 9, 2003), Moyes asked Gates how, given his background at Microsoft, he came to this champion this particular cause. Bill Gates responded:

    The two areas that are changing in this amazing way are information technology and medical technology. Those are the things that the world will be very different 20 years from now than it is today.

    I’m so excited about those advances. And they actually feed off of each other. The medical world uses the information tools to do their work. And so when you have those advances you think will they be available to everyone. [pause]

    The one issue that really grabbed me as urgent were issues related to population… reproductive health.

    Then he revealed that, for a time, his father, William H. Gates, Sr. was the head of Planned Parenthood.

    Decreasing Population Through Better Health Care?

    As did Sanger, Gates believes in the eugenist Thomas Malthus’s idea that the sustainability of the world’s resources is completely dependent upon maintaining population control. Ironically, Gates believes that improving health care, primarily through vaccinations, will accomplish this.

    And maybe the most interesting thing I learned … is that, as you improve health in a society, population growth goes down.
    You know…before I learned about it, I thought it was paradoxical. Well if you improve health, aren’t you just dooming people to deal with such a lack of resources where they won’t be educated or they won’t have enough food? You know, sort of a Malthusian view of what would take place.

    And the fact is that health leads parents to decide, “Okay, we don’t need to have as many children because the chance of having the less children being able to survive to be adults and take care of us, means we don’t have to have 7 or 8 children.” Now that was amazing. (Bill Gates, NOW interview).

    Gates emphasizes vaccination programs as the best means of combating Third World poverty. However, as with birth control and The Negro Project, this exclusive focus on vaccines has raised some suspicion among the civic leadership. For example, in 2014, the Kenyan Catholic Doctors Association and the Kenyan Catholic Bishops Conference issued a statement expressing concern that a UNICEF/WHO Tetanus vaccine was tainted with hCG, a contraceptive hormone. While this accusation has been denied by the agencies involved, the Catholic groups remain wary.

    “Innovating to Zero”

    Population control is also central to the issue of climate change, another of Gates’s passionate causes. In a talk titled, Innovating to Zero, presented at the 2010 Technology, Entertainment and Design (TED) Conference, Gates proposed a goal of achieving zero carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 2050. He explained his mathematical formula by which that goal may be achieved.

    Noting that the first factor in the equation is population, Gates remarked:

    To that end, since 2012, Melinda Gates, a Catholic, has pledged over a billion dollars from the Gates Foundation to support Family Planning 2020 (FP2020). She helps lead this international effort whose goal is to get birth control to 120 million more women by 2020. This despite strong objections from groups such as Culture of Life Africa who resent “the disturbing encroachment of the bold and wealthy proponents of the Culture of Death.”

    “All Lives Have Equal Value”

    It remains, even if well-intentioned, the activities of Bill and Melinda Gates, like Margaret Sanger, are in direct opposition to the teachings of the Catholic Church. As stated by Pope Francis In his encyclical, Laudato Si:

    Instead of resolving the problems of the poor and thinking of how the world can be different, some can only propose a reduction in the birth rate. At times, developing countries face forms of international pressure which make economic assistance contingent on certain policies of “reproductive health”. Yet while it is true that an unequal distribution of the population and of available resources creates obstacles to development and a sustainable use of the environment, it must nonetheless be recognized that demographic growth is fully compatible with an integral and shared development. To blame population growth instead of extreme and selective consumerism on the part of some, is one way of refusing to face the issues. (50)

    It is remarkable that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation webpage has as its slogan, “All Lives Have Equal Value.” Would that they and Margaret Sanger actually believed that was true.


    Made Microsoft the largest personal-computer software company in history

    By 1980, Bill Gates had steadily steered Microsoft into colossal software company in the PC industry. The company was raking in remarkable amounts of revenue from its licensing agreement with not just IBM but other PC makers, including Apple. Microsoft’s famously produced Softcard for Apple II machines.

    In just two years, between 1979 and 1981, Gates and Allen’s Microsoft had increased their workforce from 25 to 100. Likewise, revenue of the company had jumped from $2.5 million to about $16 million. With offices around the globe, in the UK and Japan, Microsoft was able to use its highly successful MS-DOS to capture a whopping 30% of the global PC market share.

    Did you know: Gates and Allen incorporated Microsoft in mid-1981?


    Jewish Bill Gates: Crypto-Jew, Pseudo-Christian

    According to John Bolton‘s nephew, Greg T Dixon, a Masonic High school friend and informant deeply connected with Freemasonry, Bill Gates is hiding from the goyim public the fact he is really Jewish.

    Dixon said Bill Gates father, Bill Gates Sr., made the decision a long time ago to hide the fact he’s Jewish because he thinks there are far too many “prominent Jews” in America and doesn’t want people to gain suspicion of this fact.

    Bill Gates’ Jewish Parents

    So, just like that, he became a Christian. Funny thing is, Bill Gates Sr. has a history of doing this. If you check his bio on Wikipedia, it says he changed his name from Bill Gates II to simply Bill Gates Jr. “to avoid the appearance of elitism,” he openly states in the article.

    Dixon said Bill Gates mother, Mary Maxwell Gates, is also Jewish and played her part in the Gates family crypto-Jew ruse as well by going to the extremes of commissioning an oil painting portrait tinted to make her look more Aryan than her original Jewish genetic heritage.

    Mary Maxwell Gates Portrait

    If you check Bill Gates bio on Wikipedia [controlled by Jews] it says he is claiming to be of English, German and Scottish-Irish descent, something Dixon says is a blatant lie. And by proxy, every person of English, German, Scottish or Irish descent should be deeply concerned by this elite Jew perpetrated deception.

    Dixon explained how this is the exact same type of race deception previously used by crypto-Jewish Nazi’s Himmler, Hess, Mengele, Eichmann, and Gobbles, in WW II to shape the direction of the war… through controlling most of Hitler’s decisions, as well as making ones without Hitler’s knowledge or consent, like the exterminations at the labor (concentration) camps, which were solely carried out by crypto-Jews Himmler and his crypto-Jew accomplice, Eichmann.

    Crypto Jews Himmler, Hess, Mengele and Eichmann

    Currently, the very same deception (of Jews pretending to be Germans) is being employed by admitted eugenicist Bill Gates to quell the world’s population numbers yet again, this time through use of GMO’s and vaccines, which he abundantly funds.

    History has a way of repeating itself… this is the way.

    And, exactly why Bill Gates would want to deceive people into believing he is White European. The decision to further camouflage Bill Gates true identity as a Jew is based on the fact that Jews are disseminating their Jewish genetics all over the place, and thus are substantially increasing their population numbers while simultaneously dissolving all non-Jewish populations from the planet in droves, particularly European Aryans.

    The startling fact is Jews are hiding their true population numbers, which are closer to 30-50% of the total White population, maybe even higher, and accelerating at exponential rates, for which Jews certainty don’t want to bring to the attention of the goyim.

    Jews Melinda and Bill Gates

    Their population takeover is by very definition, the “New World Order” itself. Where by designation, Jews, derived from a Neanderthal species, will rule the world without threat from the Aryan Cro-Magnon species, who remains barely clinging to the current “world order” of things.

    Portraying Bill Gates as a (White) Christian helps further the elite Jews apparent need to make Christians look smarter than they really are. A stratagem used as a psychological recruitment tool Dixon said, to try and bring more Christians into Jewish controlled mega-Churches to be brainwashed. And why Bill Gates and Microsoft attempted to buy the Catholic Church. The below ‘fake news’ story is actually true… and only turned ‘fake’ after public ridicule.

    The Salina Journal (Salina, Kansas) – Dec 18, 1994 (This Story is Actually True)

    Jews might also want the public to think Bill Gates is White Christian with German and Irish blood because the majority of cops in America are of German or Irish descent … and Christian. Cops who will likely feel good about themselves believing they are genetically connected to “mastermind” Bill Gates.

    Likewise, it has to help Jews control a police force on the front line of the Jewish manipulated police state if they believe they are intellectually superior to all others, including Jews who manipulate them daily, yet remain completely unaware of.

    Dixon said Bill Gates was preened, groomed and ultimately situated in the best position of all other elite Jews to fool the goyim into believing he is a computer mastermind, and thus, was chosen by the elite Jews to act as their “front-man” leading the computer age, and more importantly, control of its operating system software.

    Operating system software everyone in the world must have in order to communicate with, which by proxy, must be in the hands of Jews.

    Bill Gates and Microsoft didn’t create “Windows,” they simply threw Jewish money at it and purchased it for 100K from two Aryans in California, who actually did create it. This slight of hand reality is evidenced in the PBS documentary entitled Triumph Of The Nerds.

    [youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bsQjmTaLmO8&w=560&h=315]

    Dixon said the reason Jews need to be in control of the premier operating system software in the world is so they can spy on everyone who uses their product, keeping a dossier of their activities, to be used against them later under their plans for world domination… ensuring that all legitimate potential threats are neutralized.

    Microsoft’s worldwide deceitful business practices of copyright infringement and hostile takeovers, which Microsoft is internationally known, are designed to stifle a truly free and innovative open operating system software marketplace from ever fully thriving and reaching its full evolutionary potential. An evolutionary development Jews must control, but not be accused of controlling.

    The fact Bill Gates is lying to disguise his Jewishness, is in turn deflecting international criticism of his crypto-Jewish business practices directly onto English, German, Scottish and Irish innocents, races he cons the worldwide goyim into believing he is part.

    Microsoft has been sued many times for hostile business practices they use to maintain their software operating system spyware supremacy, for which only elite Jews could ever get away with.

    All original 1978 founders of the Microsoft Corporation are Jewish Dixon said, and elite Jews are in collusion to keep it that way, simply by buying out, hostilely taking over, or simply stealing competing software from any company that shows a potential intellectual threat to Microsoft’s dominance in the software operating system marketplace. A marketplace, according to Dixon, which in reality is run and controlled solely by elite Jews who not only control Microsoft, but Apple, Linux, and now Android as well.

    This all Jewish Microsoft team from 1978 was brought together and organized by elite Jews to take total control of all operating system software worldwide. Dixon said allowing non-Jews to take control of the preferred system would jeopardize the Jews millennium-long run of controlling intellectual properties, and thus the minds of the masses.

    Bill Gates remains crypto-Jew because his father recognized Jews are simply in control of too many mega-corporations, banks and industries in America and abroad, and is worried that if Bill Gates true identity as a Jew were ever to be revealed, it would put over the edge the fact that Jews own everything of value in America.

    The items laid out above are the essence of why Bill Gates is posing as White Christian European. How else does a “German” Bill Gates posing as Hitler possible help German people or himself? What German would do this? What is the real crypto-Nazi message?

    What has Bill Gates ever done for English, German, Scottish or Irish people? Has he ever even visited his proclaimed homelands offering any assistance? All true English, German, Scottish and Irish people should file a class-action lawsuit against Microsoft and Bill Gates for lying about his true race to the world, we should not let him get away with this JEW-NAZI race trickery.


    Time Periods:

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    Melinda French Gates

    When the Microsoft co-founder met his future wife at a trade show in New York in 1987, it wasn’t exactly love at first sight.

    “When we first met, she had other boyfriends, and I had Microsoft,” Bill said in a 2019 Netflix docuseries “Inside Bill’s Brain: Decoding Bill Gates.”

    She briefly worked for the company in its marketing department before she was appointed as general manager of information products in the early 1990s.

    But somewhere along the line, they found they had a romantic connection.

    “I think [Bill] wanted someone that had a lot of intellectual curiosity. They had a lot in common that they could talk about,” Wallace, Bill’s biographer, told The Post.

    Bill reportedly even consulted his ex, Winblad, before proposing and made a pros and cons list about whether to commit.

    “He made a list of the dos and don’ts for getting married. Here’s all the pluses for getting married and here’s all the negative,” Wallace said.

    Bill and Melinda tied the knot on New Year’s Day in 1994 in Hawaii.

    The two welcomed their first child, daughter Jennifer, in 1996, followed by their son, Rory, in 1999 and daughter Phoebe in 2002.

    The pair announced their split on May 3, after 27 years of marriage, saying they “no longer believe we can grow together as a couple in this next phase of our lives.”

    The divorce announcement was followed by Gates confirming that he had an affair during their marriage with an unnamed Microsoft employee, though he said the relationship was in 2000 and ended “amicably.”


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