Nobel Peace Received - History

Nobel Peace Received - History


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Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. became the second African American to win the Nobel Prize. The first African American to receive the Nobel Prize had been Ralph Bunche. King, who was 35 years of age when he received the prize in Oslo Norway, was the youngest recepient of the prize in history.

2014 Nobel Peace Prize

The 2014 Nobel Peace Prize was shared, in two equal parts, between Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai [1] "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education". [2] Satyarthi is from India, the seventh person from his country to win a Nobel Prize and the second to win the Peace Prize after Mother Teresa, while Yousafzai is a Muslim from Pakistan, the second Nobel Prize winner from her country after Abdus Salam, the forty-seventh woman to win the Nobel Prize, and at the age of 17 years, the youngest winner of a Nobel Prize in any field.


Why a Nobel Peace Prize Was Once Rejected

W ith the announcement Friday morning that the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet will be the latest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, the number of Peace Prize laureates will tick up to 129. That figure doesn’t match up with the number of years the prize has been given, as some years have multiple honorees and others&ndashhistorically times of war&ndashhave none. But it also wouldn’t match up with the number of prizes announced.

That’s because in 1973 Le Duc Tho became the first and only person ever to voluntarily refuse a Nobel Peace Prize. The prize had been awarded jointly to Tho, a North Vietnamese politician and diplomat, and U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger for their work negotiating a ceasefire in the Vietnam War.

As TIME reported, the Nobel committee’s decision “aroused an unprecedented storm of criticism”:

Only at the White House was the announcement greeted with unguarded praise. Kissinger was unabashedly delighted President Nixon, who might have hoped to win it himself, said that the award gave “deserved recognition to the art of negotiation itself in the process of ending a war and laying the groundwork for peace.” Hanoi, however, was resoundingly silent, lending substance to rumors that Tho would not accept the prize.

The biggest reason for the controversy was the obvious one: despite Tho and Kissinger’s work, the war in Vietnam continued (as it would for more than a year after the Nobel announcement). And many argued that Tho and Kissinger had been just as responsible for creating war, not stopping it. One TIME reader wrote in to say that “The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho is like granting Xaviera Hollander (the Happy Hooker) an award for extreme virtue.”

Though Tho would probably not have agreed with the second half of that argument, he did agree that Vietnam was not at peace&mdashand, further, as the Nobel Committee puts it, “his opposite number had violated the truce.” He declined to accept the prize. He said that he might reconsider if peace were restored to his country eventually, but his decision stood.

But, as TIME noted in 1978 when Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin controversially received the prize, lasting peace was obviously not a prerequisite. Past winners included “Aristide Briand and Gustav Stresemann, the French and German statesmen who won the 1926 prize for the ill-fated Locarno peace treaties, in which Belgium, France and Germany agreed never to fight again” and “American Diplomat Frank Kellogg, who was the originator of the utopian Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928, in which 15 powers, including Germany and Japan, agreed to renounce war as an instrument of national policy.”


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Yes obama deserves the nobel peace price because if all the leaders in this world would think and act the same way that he does, then this world would be a better place to live. He is a great leader of our country who strives for peace and global friendship. anon143563 yesterday

Just because he was elected president and is not a Bush is not enough. Yes, he has tried to promote better relation between the US and other countries, but is that enough? Is that truly worthy of the peace prize? If you say yes you are a hypocrite and if you say no then you too, are a hypocrite.

Why? Because that is what the prize is for. It is “The person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between the nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses." Is this what Obama has done? Yes. Is he the person who has done the most? No. In my humble opinion, there are others who are more deserving.

If you said yes he did deserve it then you are not holding true to spirit of the NPP, if you said he did not deserve it, I would say you to are not looking objectively. He has done something to try to promote peace, but there are others who have done more.

There are a lot people and organizations more deserving of the prize than president Obama. That is what I think people see and are saying.

I didn't read all the other comments, but I think Obama did something extraordinary to win the Nobel Peace Prize: He was the president of the United States not named George Bush. He did nothing else except start the push for health care during his early months when he was earned the prize. anon88426 June 4, 2010

So tired of everyone using the "race card". I don't care for Obama as president, but it has nothing to do with the color of his skin.

A lot of talk here about "all that he has done" since he took office. Funny thing, though, no one says exactly what that is. Yes, I think he has done a lot: raised our national deficit to a astronomical amount, working hard to take away freedoms that our forefathers established, and obamacare. yeesh!

Get over it. How many people out there voted for Obama just because he is black? What would be the difference between that and not voting for someone because they are black.

We all need to look past race, and vote strictly on the issues and the integrity of the person, period. anon83295 May 10, 2010

Can someone tell me what Obama has done to deserve the Nobel Peace Prize? anon80501 April 27, 2010

*all of this is based on what I've read from the comments below.*

You all all need to give obama a break. He's barely been in office for a year and already people are jumping on his back about what he said he was going to do. Give him time! Running a country is a hard job.

He never said when he was going to do all he "promises" and he's doing a heck of a lot more than bush did in the first couple of years. anon72005 March 21, 2010

i think people should encourage world peace and people who won the nobel peace prize should take a stand and help to start more world peace organizations. anon 274738948 anon64432 February 7, 2010

Obama is a great leader and deserve the Nobel. The Americans must get used to it. Obama is a mentor and a true president. And so I'm a white South African. anon62207 January 25, 2010

what are the five Nobel Prizes? anon59981 January 11, 2010

#28 yea i don't want to hear that because all whites that's all yall do is call us negroes and worse, so come on now.

obama has done more than president bush ever did. now let's get real, baby, come on now. i can do this all day cause baby just to let you know I'll keep going at your head because i know I'm right and obama made a lot of changes. just because you don't see it don't mean he's not doing something.

come on. let's all get real. it's always been about the color of our skin, but i am always 100 percent on barack obama's side because he did more than bush ever did.

and since you want to get for real, okay, if bush was a damn good president, why the hell did he just sit there and when they came in there and told him what happened to the twin towers? barack obama wouldn't have done that. come on, ya'll, let's get for real. I'm speaking nothing but the truth because i am real.

i don't know bout y'all and i pay close attention to what goes on in this world so please don't try and tell me nothing. anon59270 January 7, 2010

#17 - Get over the "black" thing. Obama is not 100 percent black. His mother was white, his mother's parents and family were all white. So he is biracial. And what does that matter anyway? If Rice or Powell had run (and they are 100 percent "black") I would have had a tough time deciding who to vote for.

Calling names such as negro? What about calling the whites "Whitey". Get real! Obama does not deserve the Nobel Peace Prize any more than Hitler did when he was nominated. Hitler was retracted, and Obama should have been too. And get off the "Bush" mess in this country. There have been many presidents who made a mess of things.

Just because you think you were promised all that free stuff from the Obama administration, you are going to get nothing more than any other white person, hispanic person, oriental person, or whatever, and so far it is a bunch of empty promises.

There seems to be a Karl Marx in this administration's background, and it has nothing to do with being "black". Get over the black thing. Get out and work, go to school and become educated, and perhaps one day you can be a Rice or Powell, and respected as much as they are. anon56050 December 11, 2009

OK, I am not a fan of our current or last president but as far as that goes he was our best choice. (Aside from my other choice)

I believe that in time he will make a huge difference in the way our country thinks and the way other countries view America as the "bad guy". He has made steps to improvement and some of you need to realize it takes time to clean up the mess we are in.

He has good intentions and I believe he will try his best to make them happen. He also has to answer to a higher source, himself, as well as the people.

I also agree with number 18 because there are others out there as well putting themselves in positions to help others and promoting peace in their actions. They also should be recognized. The one thing I do not agree with is Obama wanting to take away our right to have weapons. It is a right to the American people as stated long ago. It should stay that way. anon55872 December 10, 2009

The Nobel Peace Prize is now officially worthless. anon54424 November 30, 2009

anon 48729: You need to back up because obama has to fill very large shoes and this mess is almost impossible to clean up by the average man. i think if you have so much mouth, you clean it. anon54423 November 30, 2009

Yeah they are right and how does hitler win it but yet he made all this trouble for us and had discrimination? Obama deserved it. some people are just hating on him. stop hating the player. hate the game. anon51316 November 4, 2009

OK so i didn't sit here and read all of these posts, but from what i did read i had to stop. Barack Obama hasn't even been in office for a year and he has done more for this country than bush has done in eight years. Everyone needs to honestly give him a break. America is really in the midst of an economic and health crisis and obama is definitely doing all he can do.

In my opinion no person put in office could have accomplished everything that obama has accomplished thus far. I don't know if everyone expected everything that obama said he was going to do to happen overnight but by some of these responses i can tell that you were under that impression. I don't think there was any other president who has faced so many road blocks, so much criticism, and was put to such high standards that barack has. Barack obama did not choose to win the nobel peace prize, he was chosen. He was chosen. He was chosen. He did not choose! anon50552 October 29, 2009

Quote from #17. "now you can't tell me that Obama didn't do what he told us that he was going to do because if you say he didn't you are a liar."

That's all you got? Please list just one thing he promised and actually followed through on? Just one thing, I dare you. anon50551 October 29, 2009

So what you're saying (#19) is that we can't discuss anything that the leader of our country does wrong. That we should basically bow down to the thing he's done right? What is he hasn't made a single good decision? I'm ashamed at America for what we've become.

Also, he may not have given himself the award, but he sure did accept it. If he respected the prize at all, he would have simply rejected it. He has done nothing for peace and everyone knows it. If he had, there would be no fuss about it.

It just goes to show that the nobel peace prize means absolutely nothing. It's a big old loogey in the face of the people who've earned it in the past and to the ones who truly dedicated their lives to making peace. I hope you're as ashamed at yourself as Alfred Nobel would be right now if he were alive. anon50080 October 25, 2009

OK, I just don't understand why people are judging one another. You really can't say too much about what Obama is doing wrong. You should be looking at what he is doing right. If you're not doing anything to improve this country or anything, then your comments aren't really needed. You can talk about what other groups and companies are doing, but the question is what are you doing? So just think about this people and leave Obama alone. He didn't elect himself to get the award so calm down. If you are saying all these horrible things about him then you're not such a good person yourself. It's over and done with. anon48729 October 14, 2009

Obama hasn't done anything. He has a voice which is heard, that's about all he does. He doesn't use actions, only words. What about other organizations that are actually putting a foot forward and helping? Example: The Invisible Children. They have been doing things for years and are trying to promote peace in Africa. They are committed to it and won't stop til these families and communities are noticed and helped. There are *many* other organizations out there that are actually making a difference. They aren't just talking about doing it, they are doing something about it. The Nobel Peace Prize isn't being awarded to the deserving people that it should be. mswade14 October 14, 2009

All i can see is that Obama should get it not just because he is black because it doesn't matter what color your skin is. Obama is the president and he is trying to make this a better world so i don't understand why people don't like him. he is black -- that is one of the reasons why some people don't want him as president. Now if it was Bush, they wouldn't have anything to say but yet Bush didn't do anything for the world besides sit on his butt. Bush knew about the twin towers -- that's why he sat there and didn't get up or anything. he didn't even look like he was supprised that the twin towers collapsed. Obama is a man of his word. I just don't like Obama because he is a black man -- i like him because he is a man and a man of his word. now you can't tell me that Obama didn't do what he told us that he was going to do because if you say he didn't you are a liar. Bush said he was going to make this world a better place but he didn't do a damn thing. Obama as a person is telling us to to keep up the good work and don't let anybody slow you down. and you all are trying your best to get Obama out of the white house. You don't want him in there because he is black and the white house is called the white house. okay well, if that's the thing, change the name to the black house then, but you're so worried about the color of our skin. man, i didn't know it was all about the color of our skin but now i am older i am understanding how this world really is. Obama is trying to stop all the crimes and black on black crimes but when Bush was president he didn't give a damn if we killed each other or not. This world is no joke anymore, so i wish that you all would open your eyes and see this world for what it has became. I am 17 years old and all i want is this to be a better place and wish that people would stop judging blacks just because of our skin. we are smart just like you all. Do you know how we feel to sit around and be called negro and other names? no you don't, but a lot of people think they can call us that, well i am not the one because if you call one of those names, i will call you out your name. but now our own blacks calling each other negro and other names and stuff. come on world, open your eyes, please. Obama is doing the best he can for this world. Get over it people. obama is the president whether you like it or not. Stop looking for fault in the man. let him do his job and give him a chance. People have been saying ugly things ever since he was elected. this is a crazy world now. anon48594 October 13, 2009

Obama does deserve the peace prize. As far as helping Hispanics, White, Black, Asian whatever, the man just got in office. He has eight years -- count them eight years -- of Dipstick George Bush crap to clean up. Give the man a minute to breathe and what are you doing to help your culture, race or that of another? Stop speaking out of the side of your neck and open your eyes. This man has worked his whole life for peace at home and internationally and change for all Americans. He passed the first major ethics reform in 25 years, cut taxes for working families, and expanded health care for children and their parents. As a senator, he reached across the aisle to pass groundbreaking lobbying reform, lock up the world's most dangerous weapons, and bring transparency to government by putting federal spending online. Now, he's thigh deep in cleaning up international relations that the "Good Ole' Boy Bush" trashed. You do the math! It ain't rocket science. According to the definition of the peace prize and Jimmy Carter won it too: "The prize can be awarded for current efforts, rather than for having accomplished a goal or resolved an issue." anon48515 October 13, 2009

everyone is just saying obama is making everything worse, but if bush had done the right thing in the beginning it wouldn't be so hard for obama. and that's a fact. anon48456 October 12, 2009

obama deserved the peace prize! so be quiet. anon48436 October 12, 2009

This is funny because, if it was president bush, you would say the same terrible things you will not say about obama. Obama is a joke. It is tough trying to be in charge as president. Not everyone will like the current president or have the same views. Just as before. But obama has no clue about our foundation in america. He wants to change everything to control people's lives and become a one world government. He does not care about anyone, let alone this country. Unless it is exactly the way this current office holds. When obama opens up his mouth all i hear is rattling on and on what he is going to do. When really, he is lying lying lying. He is a socialist and will run this country in the ground, and it will be his way or the highway, no matter the cost. Lord help us. anon48369 October 12, 2009

It doesn't matter who won it. Just get over it and suck it up! anon48311 October 11, 2009

The recent award of the Nobel Peace Prize to Barack Obama has, predictably, been bucketed from some quarters, mostly from the “born-to-rule” right but also from the “all-or-nothing” left. Much of the criticism has been based on the notion that the prize must always been seen as an award for lifetime achievement. The actual terms of Alfred Nobel’s will provide a focus for the Prize on recognizing current efforts toward, among other things, “fraternity between nations”. In a short time, Mr. Obama has done much to increase the “fraternity” between the United States and other nations. During the administration of Mr. Obama’s predecessor, the United States was increasingly resented by much of the rest of the world. Even in countries that are traditional allies of the United States, such as Australia, there was a growing sense that, to be properly “pro” one’s own country, one had to be a least a little bit anti-American. As a US-born Australian, I was personally very conscious of this attitude. By improving the level of “fraternity” between his own country and the rest of the world, Mr. Obama is an appropriate choice for this year’s Nobel Peace Prize. anon48219 October 10, 2009

It doesn't matter that he was elected president. that doesn't really have anything to do with the reason he won the prize. From what I have heard he was very active working toward world peace before even being elected president. That is the criteria that was met. Hope this helps anon48181 October 10, 2009

he doesn't deserve it because he said he will do something for the hispanic people and he hasn't done a pip. all of you that are reading this, tell me does he deserve it? i don't think so. anon48145 October 10, 2009

Get over it people. obama is the president whether you like it or not. Stop looking for fault in the man. let him do his job and give him a chance. People have been saying ugly things ever since he was elected. So what if he was nominated? well he won the presidency and the nobel peace prize. i say good for obama. anon48076 October 9, 2009

So I just don't understand why President Obama got this award. anon48048 October 9, 2009

Is this prize awarded for what one has done, or what the committee hopes they will do? In this current prize consideration, Barack Obama what nominated just two weeks after he took the oath of office. The criteria cited by the committee was for fostering world diplomacy and nuclear arms reduction- neither of which was he actively involved in achieving prior to taking office. anon29740 April 7, 2009


The First Nobel Prizes

On the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death, December 10, 1901, the first set of Nobel Prizes were awarded.

* As quoted in W. Odelberg (ed.), Nobel: The Man & His Prizes (New York: American Elsevier Publishing Company, Inc., 1972) 12.

Bibliography

Axelrod, Alan and Charles Phillips. What Everyone Should Know About the 20th Century. Holbrook, Massachusetts: Adams Media Corporation, 1998.

Odelberg, W. (ed.). Nobel: The Man & His Prizes. New York: American Elsevier Publishing Company, Inc., 1972.


Plus…

In addition to the four doubly awarded scientists, there are also two institutions that have received several awards from the Swedish Academy. The first is the Red Cross, an international humanitarian organization that has so far achieved three Nobel Peace Prize wins. UNHCR, the High Commissioner of the United Nations for Refugees, has received two awards.

And speaking about the Nobel Prize records, we should not forget that the Curies are not only famous for the double award of Marie. The first and second generations of this family accumulated no less than four Nobel science prizes (their first daughter Irène Joliot-Curie won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935 for the discovery of artificial radioactivity, also with her husband).


Nobel Prizes and South African Laureates

Winning a Nobel Prize is one of the highest international honours that can be bestowed on a person. It brings global recognition and attention to a winner's work, and will help to generate funds to ensure the continuation of this work. It highlights our best and brightest.

What do 10 December 1961, 1984 and 1993 have in common?
1961 - Albert Luthuli received the Nobel Peace Prize. 1984 - Bishop Desmond Tutu received the Nobel Peace prize 1993 - FW de Klerk and Nelson Mandela were co-recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize

On 27 November 1895 Alfred Nobel, a Swedish chemist, engineer, industrialist and inventor of dynamite, left $9 million in his will to establish the Nobel Prizes. He stipulated that the awards be given annually, disregarding the nationality of possible recipients. He also specified six areas to be covered by the rewards namely Peace, Literature, Physics, Chemistry and Physiology or Medicine. In 1968 the Bank of Sweden added the award for economic science in memory of Nobel.

Nobel's family were surprised and upset that he had not left all of his fortune to them, but rather to establish the prizes. Although they contested the will his last wishes were respected and the first Nobel Prizes were awarded in 1901, on the 5-year anniversary of his death. The funds and assets that are made available for the awards of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace are managed by the Nobel Foundation. This private institution was established in 1900 and is responsible for all arrangements surrounding the awards.

South African laureates:

Albert Luthuli, 1960
1960 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate: President of the African National Congress in South Africa. read more.

Desmond Tutu, 1984
1984 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate: Bishop of Johannesburg and former Secretary General South African Council of Churches (S.A.C.C.). For his work against apartheid. read more.

Excerpt from the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech:

FW de Klerk, 1993
1993 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate

Nelson Mandela, 1993
1993 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate

Read more about Nelson Mandela and FW de Klerk's Nobel Peace Prize.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Chemistry is the science of matter. It is the branch of the natural sciences that deals with the composition of substances, their properties and reactions. Chemistry looks at the processes of life and helps us to understand chemical reaction on molecular basis while also contributing to many of the technological advances we rely upon in the modern world. The first Nobel Prize in this category was awarded to Jacobus H. van't Hoff for the discovering the laws of chemical dynamics and osmotic pressure in solutions.

South African laureates:

Aaron Klug, 1982

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry

1982: For his development of crystallographic electron microscopy and his structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes.

The Nobel Prize in Literature

Literature refers to creative writing of recognised artistic value. The Nobel Prize in Literature can be awarded to works of poetry, short stories, novels, plays, essays and speeches. The first award in this category went to poet and philosopher Sully Prudhomme for his 1865 work Stances et Poèmes. This prize has been given to a great variety of writers from different cultures and languages, famous and unknown.

South African laureates:

Nadine Gordimer, 1991
1991 Nobel Laureate in Literature: Who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity . read more.

South African laureates:

JM Coetzee, 2003
2003 Nobel Laureate in Literature: Who in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider . read more.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or medicine

Medicine relates to the branches of medical science that deal with non-surgical techniques while physics is the branch of biological sciences that deals with the functioning of living organisms. Our understanding of our own bodies and how to remain healthy in a world full of disease is essential to our existence and this award lauds researchers who help to achieve these goals. The first Nobel Prize in this category was given to Emil von Behring for his work on serum. His discoveries helped save countless lives. The prize has also been awarded for advances in immunology, genetics, neurobiology, diagnostics and drug development.

South African laureates:

Max Theiler, 1951
1951 Nobel Laureate in Medicine: For his discoveries concerning yellow fever and how to combat it . read more.

Alan M. Cormack, 1979
1979 Nobel Laureate in Medicine: For the development of computer assisted tomography . read more.

Sydney Brenner, 2002
2002 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine: For his discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death . read more.

The Nobel Prize in Economics

Economics is the branch of social science that deals with the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services, as well as their management. This award was introduced by the Bank of Sweden in memory of Alfred Nobel in 1968. The first award in this category went to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen in 1969 for their development and application of dynamic models in the analysis of economic processes. The prize has also been awarded for theories and methodologies that are used in the studying and effective use of economic and financial resources, as well as macroeconomic economic policy and performance, development economics, international trade and the role of information.

The Nobel Prize in Physics

Physics is the science of matter and energy and their interactions. Understanding physics helps us to understand how the world works. The first Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Wilhelm RÁ¶ntgen for his discovery of X-rays, or RÁ¶ntgen rays. The prize has also been given in recognition of research on cosmic radiation, communication technology, the structure of matter and superfluidity.


Georgia and the Nobel Peace Prize

Nobel Peace Prizes won by two famous Georgians are displayed in Atlanta, both close to downtown hotels and just a mile and a half apart from each other. Although the Norwegian Nobel Committee selects only one person a year on average to receive arguably the planet's highest award, Atlanta also has links to several other Nobel laureates.

Martin Luther King Jr. announced during the ceremony for the 1964 award: "I accept the Nobel Peace Prize at a moment when 22 million Negroes of the United States of America are engaged in a creative battle to end the long night of racial injustice." His medal is displayed at the King Center's Freedom Hall (449 Auburn Ave. NE). A walking trail with historic markers links the King medal to one awarded to another Georgian.

Jimmy Carter won the 2002 prize for his work at the nonprofit Carter Center and the brokering of the Camp David Peace Accords while president. The Carter Presidential Library (441 Freedom Pkwy.) features two of the three medals each Nobel laureate receives, providing a rare opportunity to see both sides at the same time. (Carter's third medal is exhibited at his old Plains High School, which is now part of the National Park Service's Plains Historic Site.)

The other American presidents who've won the Nobel Peace Prize&mdashTeddy Roosevelt in 1906 and Woodrow Wilson in 1919&mdashalso have Georgia ties. Roosevelt's mother, Mittie Bulloch, was raised in Roswell, Georgia, now a suburb of Atlanta. Visitors to Roswell won't see Teddy's prize, but they can view the home where his parents were married, the antebellum Greek revival mansion called Bulloch Hall (180 Bulloch Ave.).

Woodrow Wilson spent part of his boyhood in Augusta, worked for a while as an attorney in Atlanta, and married a woman (his first wife Ellen Axson Wilson) who was raised and buried in Rome, Georgia. It is sometimes suggested, only partly in jest, that "If you manage to get elected president and your mother lived in Georgia, you have a hundred percent chance of winning the Noble Peace Prize!"
Family relationships also link Atlanta to Peace Prizes won by three leaders in Africa. South African Bishop Desmond Tutu (1984) and former President Nelson Mandela (1993) have a daughter and granddaughter, respectively, residing in Atlanta. The daughter of Kenyan environmental activist Wangari Maathai (Nobel Prize in 2004) worked for several years at the Carter Center in Atlanta. In addition, agricultural scientist Norman Borlaug (Nobel Prize in 1970) is a long-time consultant (not in residence) for the center.

Thus, in the 86 years that a prize has been awarded, there is a Georgia connection on eight occasions. Without stretching the point too much, one might argue the number is nine. Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin won their Nobel Peace Prizes for 1978 in recognition of the Camp David Peace accords, which were hosted, of course, by Jimmy Carter.

&mdashJay Hakes serves as the director of the Carter Presidential Library. He came to Atlanta in 2000 after seven years as administrator of the federal Energy Information Administration. He is currently writing a book on energy policy during the Nixon, Ford, and Carter presidencies and is a member of the Local Arrangements Committee.


Nobel Peace Prize Winners 🕊️

A people free to choose will always choose peace

Not necessarily an outlook on the world you might associate with Ronald Reagan, but it was he who said it. It&rsquos also not far from the viewpoint of Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) &ndash Swedish founder of all Nobel prizes which were first awarded in 1901. The first of all Nobel Peace Prize Winners since 1901 was Henry Dunant for his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Nobel invented dynamite. Strange then, that he is today most famous for being the founder of The Nobel Peace Prize. His pacifist beliefs led him to hope that mutually assured destruction by weapons containing dynamite would discourage nations from ever going to war. Sadly, that didn&rsquot go too well.

ADDucation Tips: Click column headings with arrows to sort Nobel Peace Prize Winners. Reload page for original sort order. Click the ➕ icon to reveal any hidden columns. Set your browser to full screen to show as many columns as possible. Start typing in the Filter table box to find anything inside the table of all Nobel Peace Prize Winners of the world.

for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict.


Contents

For the 2012 award the Nobel Committee received 231 valid nominations, compared to the record 247 candidates in 2011. [2] 43 of the nominations were organisations, while the remaining 188 were individuals, either alone, together with others or together with organisations. [3]

Members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee were appointed by the Norwegian Parliament to roughly reflect the party makeup of that body. The committee had the following membership in 2012: Thorbjørn Jagland (chair), Kaci Kullmann Five (deputy chair), Inger-Marie Ytterhorn, Berit Reiss-Andersen, and Gunnar Stålsett (member during Ågot Valle's sick leave).

The award was announced on 12 October 2012. The Nobel citation referred to the strict demands the European Union placed on all would-be members, gave special mention to Greece, Spain, and Portugal—all of which joined in the 1980s after dictatorships ended—and referred to the countries in Eastern Europe that embraced it after the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of the Soviet Union.

European Union Edit

The President of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, said that the award recognised the European Union as the "biggest peacemaker in history." [4]

The President of the European Parliament, German social democrat Martin Schulz, said he was "deeply touched. The European Union has reunified the continent through peaceful means and brought arch enemies together. This historic act of reunification has been rightfully recognised." [5] He said that "from the Balkans to the Caucasus, the EU serves as a beacon for democracy and reconciliation." [6]

The President of the European Commission, José Manuel Barroso, called the award "a very important message to Europe that the European Union is something very precious, that we should cherish it for the good of Europeans and for the good of the entire world." [7]

The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Catherine Ashton, said she was "delighted" at the news, adding that "in the countries of the EU, historic enemies have become close partners and friends. I am proud to be part of continuing this work." [8]

European Union members and candidates Edit

Belgium – The Prime Minister of Belgium, Elio Di Rupo, said that "this choice shows that the European project continues to inspire the world today. The European Union was originally the dream of people and politicians in search of peace and prosperity for all citizens. It has become a strong symbol of cooperation and progress. Europe, a continent that was torn by terrible wars, thanks to the European Union is an example for the world of peaceful dialogue and conflict prevention." [9]

France – The President of France, François Hollande, said the prize was an "immense honour," adding that "through this award, every European can feel pride, that of being a member of a union which has been able to make peace between peoples who for a long time clashed, and to build a community founded on values of democracy, liberty and solidarity." [10] Former President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing said that "it is right that this extraordinary effort that has been accomplished by the Europeans and their leaders to establish a lasting peace on their continent—historically ravaged by war—is rewarded and honored." [8]

Germany – The President of Germany, Joachim Gauck, called the award "a great encouragement in difficult times" and said the EU is "a unique project of peace and freedom." [11] The Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel, called the award a wonderful decision that "honours the idea of European integration." [12] The Minister for Foreign Affairs of Germany, Guido Westerwelle, called the award "a fantastic decision which makes me proud and happy. European integration is the most successful project for peace in history." [8] Former Chancellor Helmut Kohl called the award "a wise and far-sighted decision" that "is above all a confirmation for the European peace project. As Europeans we all have reason to be proud today. I am proud, and I wish for God's blessing for us on our further path to a united Europe." [8]

Italy – The Prime Minister of Italy, Mario Monti, hailed the decision and said that the European Union's "formula of (using) integration to stop war and guarantee peace and practised for decades is the subject of study and admiration in other parts of the world." [13]

Luxembourg – The Prime Minister of Luxembourg, Jean-Claude Juncker, called the award a "good decision," stating that the EU from its inception was a peacemaker in Europe. He added that "it is sometimes useful to get such recognition from the outside [. ] to remind us why we are considered a model for others." [14]

Netherlands – The Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Mark Rutte, said the award was a "great recognition of the major historical role the European Union has played in peace, security and democracy." [15]

Denmark (1973) – The Minister for Europe of Denmark, Nicolai Wammen, said the prize is "fully deserved, because the EU has been a peace project from the beginning. The European cooperation has been successful in creating lasting peace between countries that for centuries have been at war with each other." [16]

Ireland (1973) – The Tánaiste and Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade of Ireland, Eamon Gilmore, "warmly welcomed" the decision, stating that "the European Union has been the most successful peace process in our lifetime, and indeed in our living memory." [17]

United Kingdom (1973) – The British government issued a statement, saying that "this award recognises the EU’s historic role in promoting peace and reconciliation in Europe, particularly through its enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe. The EU must always strive to preserve and strengthen those achievements for the future." [18]

Greece (1981) - The Prime Minister of Greece, Antonis Samaras was representing Greece and in his announcement he stressed the need for advanced social cohesion for facing the problem of unemployment, in order to avoid right-extremists raise in the European Union. [19]

Spain (1986) – The Prime Minister of Spain, Mariano Rajoy, said the award was "excellent news," adding that "the EU serves as a stimulus for the further consolidation of Europe's political, economic and monetary union." [20]

Austria (1995) – The President of Austria, Heinz Fischer, said the award was "great and pioneering news for Europe," adding that "we have always considered the united Europe as a peace project, and the grand recognition of this idea by the Nobel Prize committee gives us confidence and courage to continue working on the European peace project." [21] [22]

Finland (1995) – The President of Finland, Sauli Niinistö, said the prize was a magnificent recognition that the EU has worked hard for peace and brought virtues of the European tradition to the outside world. The Prime Minister of Finland, Jyrki Katainen, said "there is every reason to be happy that we can take part in integration, building stability and strengthening the project of peace." [23]

Sweden (1995) – The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sweden, Carl Bildt, warmly congratulated "all of Europe" and said the prize was "highly deserved and highly important." [24]

Czech Republic (2004) – The President of the Czech Republic, Václav Klaus, called the decision a "great mistake," adding that "it would make sense, if the award would have been given to an individual instead of an organisation. To award a bureaucratic institution is an 'empty' prize." [25]

Hungary (2004) – The Prime Minister of Hungary, Viktor Orbán, said the EU deserved the Nobel Peace Prize, and that the EU represented the peaceful coexistence of previously hostile countries. [26]

Poland (2004) – The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland, Radosław Sikorski, issued a statement, saying "congratulations to the EU, and therefore to all of us," adding that "the Nobel Peace Prize signifies that European integration is a guarantee of peace in the region." [27]

Slovenia (2004) – The President of Slovenia, Danilo Türk, said that the prize was deserved because the EU is "the most successful peace project in the history of humanity." The Prime Minister of Slovenia, Janez Janša, stated that peace was one of the founding causes for the foundation of the European Union and that the award was a reminder that peace is a value. [28]

Candidates and other aspiring members

Albania – The Foreign Minister of Albania, Edmond Panariti, said the award meant a "great responsibility that should encourage the will for enlargement." [29]

Bosnia and Herzegovina – The chairman of the joint Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bakir Izetbegović, said the award "should be a strong boost for EU countries to overcome existing problems and stick to the concept of further enlargement." [29]

Croatia – The Foreign Minister of Croatia, Vesna Pusić, praised the EU for its role in keeping "a lasting peace in a region that had wars almost continuously for centuries." [29]

Kosovo – The Foreign Minister of Kosovo, Enver Hoxhaj, said that "awarding the Nobel Peace Prize to the EU makes us proud and motivates us to continue the reforms in order that Kosovo become a member of the union." [29]

Macedonia – The President of the Republic of Macedonia, Gjorge Ivanov, said the award honoured the project of "unifying peoples in their mutual efforts for freedom, solidarity and prosperity." [29]

Montenegro – The Foreign Minister of Montenegro, Nebojša Kaluđerović, said the "idea to unite European countries with all their differences is the best proof the EU is worthy of this award." [29]

Serbia – The Prime Minister of Serbia, Ivica Dačić, congratulated the EU, expressing hope that it would manage to preserve its unity. [29]

Turkey – The Minister of European Union Affairs of Turkey, Egemen Bağış, said that "his country's membership perspective has contributed to this award." [30]

Other Edit

NATO – The Secretary General of NATO, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, offered the European Union his "warmest congratulations," stating that "the European Union has played a vital role in healing the wounds of history and promoting peace, reconciliation and cooperation across Europe. It has contributed to the advancement of freedom, democracy and human rights across the continent and beyond. From the outset, NATO and the European Union have shared common values and helped shape the new Europe." [31] [32]

Norway – The Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, congratulated the European Union, stating that the EU "has helped to secure peace and build democracy in Europe over many years." [33]

Switzerland – The President of Switzerland, Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf, congratulated the EU. A government statement said the prize recognised "the essential role" which the EU has played in the peaceful development of the continent. [34]

United Nations – The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, lauded the decision in a statement on behalf of the entire United Nations family, and emphasised the European Union's role in helping to build peace, promote human rights and support economic and social development across the world. He called the award "a richly-deserved recognition of its accomplishments and its importance in Europe and around the world." [35] [36]

United States – The U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, congratulated the European Union, stating that "certainly it's quite remarkable to see how unified and peaceful Europe is in the 21st century and that did not happen by coincidence. It happened because of the very hard work and dedication of leaders and citizens across Europe." [37]

The prize was mostly positively received by European media, except the British media, and the American media. In editorials, Aftenposten, [38] Der Spiegel, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Le Soir, De Standaard, de Volkskrant, La Stampa, Le Figaro, Die Welt, Die Presse and the Financial Times all described the prize as deserved. [39] [40] [41] The Wall Street Journal described the award as "an inspired decision" and "a reminder there is more to the EU than the euro and that its achievements over 60 years have been remarkable." [42]

Steven Pinker applauded the decision as part of a lecture about The Better Angels of Our Nature, remarking that the assignment of the prize recognized the value of an international community as well as the fact that what had started as an economic union had really had a pacifying effect. [43]

While European leaders greeted the decision, the award tended to be criticized by Eurosceptics [44] including the far-right (such as National Front leader Marine Le Pen [45] ) and far-left. [46] [47] Nigel Farage, leader of the right-wing UKIP and co-chairman of the anti-EU EFD group within the European Parliament, claimed the decision brought the Nobel Peace Prize "into total disrepute" due to its "insulting" assumption that the EU has prevented conflicts. [48]

In a poll conducted in Norway by ResponsAnalyse for the newspaper Aftenposten, 26% of respondents agreed with the decision to award the European Union the prize, while 37% opposed it and a further 37% had no opinion. The director of the Norwegian Nobel Institute, Geir Lundestad described the results of the poll as ". more positive than he had expected" on the background of the ". negative attitude to the EU" in Norway. Lundestad stated that the award was not about Norwegian membership in the EU, but a "wider perspective". [49]

On 30 November 2012, Nobel Peace Prize winners Desmond Tutu, Mairead Maguire and Adolfo Pérez Esquivel publicly opposed the awarding of the prize to the European Union. The 1984, 1976 and 1980 laureates stated in an open letter to the Nobel Foundation, based in Sweden, that in their view the EU stood for ". security based on military force and waging wars rather than insisting on the need for an alternative approach" and that ". the Norwegian Nobel Committee has redefined and reshaped the prize in a way that is not in accordance with the law". The International Peace Bureau, which won the prize in 1910, and several peace activists, writers and lawyers also signed the letter. The signatories demanded that the Nobel Foundation stop the payment of the SEK 8 million prize money. [50]

During the announcement, committee chairman Thorbjørn Jagland was asked whether Helmut Kohl or any of the current EU officials would be present to accept the prize on the EU's behalf. Jagland said the EU will have to decide who would accept the prize. [51]

The EU decided that the prize would be accepted by President of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy, President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso and President of the European Parliament Martin Schulz. Van Rompuy and Barroso held the acceptance speeches. [52]

Most EU heads of states or governments except six attended the ceremony. French President François Hollande and Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel attended. David Cameron and five other EU heads of state have not attended, Cameron sending his deputy Nick Clegg in his stead. [53]


Watch the video: Το Μαγικό Μολύβι της Μαλάλα - Παιδικό Παραμύθι - Ελληνική Αφήγηση u0026 Υπότιτλοι


Comments:

  1. Akijar

    Agree, very much the pretty thing

  2. Dabi

    interesting

  3. Adair

    Eh: What can I say? The author, as always, is on top. Respect! I liked everything, especially the beginning. Smiled. Of course, there are now critics who will say that this does not happen, that this is all invented, and so on. But I read it with pleasure, and my friends read it - everyone is delighted.



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