A Story of a Hero to Know #8 King Sejong the Great

A Story of a Hero to Know #8 King Sejong the Great


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There have been countless monarchs throughout time, but few and far between can be named ‘truly great.’ A ruler of Korea was one of those few – a scholar, a musician and artist, a politician, inventor, and a king. A king who was known for his love of the people... Sejong the Great.


The Adventures of Tintin

The Adventures of Tintin (French: Les Aventures de Tintin [lez‿avɑ̃tyʁ də tɛ̃tɛ̃] ) is a series of 24 bande dessinée albums created by Belgian cartoonist Georges Remi, who wrote under the pen name Hergé. The series was one of the most popular European comics of the 20th century. By 2007, a century after Hergé's birth in 1907, [1] Tintin had been published in more than 70 languages with sales of more than 200 million copies, [2] and had been adapted for radio, television, theatre and film.

  • Tintin in the Land of the Soviets
  • Tintin in the Congo
  • Tintin in America
  • Cigars of the Pharaoh
  • The Blue Lotus
  • The Broken Ear
  • The Black Island
  • King Ottokar's Sceptre
  • The Crab with the Golden Claws
  • The Shooting Star
  • The Secret of the Unicorn
  • Red Rackham's Treasure
  • The Seven Crystal Balls
  • Prisoners of the Sun
  • Land of Black Gold
  • Destination Moon
  • Explorers on the Moon
  • The Calculus Affair
  • The Red Sea Sharks
  • Tintin in Tibet
  • The Castafiore Emerald
  • Flight 714 to Sydney
  • Tintin and the Picaros
  • Tintin and Alph-Art
  • Le Petit Vingtième (newspaper supplement, 1929-1940)
  • Le Soir (newspaper, 1940-1944)
  • Tintin (magazine, 1946-1976)

The series first appeared in French on 10 January 1929, in Le Petit Vingtième (The Little Twentieth), a youth supplement to the Belgian newspaper Le Vingtième Siècle (The Twentieth Century). The success of the series led to serialised strips published in Belgium's leading newspaper Le Soir (The Evening) and spun into a successful Tintin magazine. In 1950, Hergé created Studios Hergé, which produced the canonical versions of 11 Tintin albums.

The series is set during a largely realistic [3] 20th century. Its hero is Tintin, a courageous young Belgian reporter and adventurer aided by his faithful dog Snowy (Milou in the original French edition). Other allies include the brash and cynical Captain Haddock, the intelligent but hearing-impaired Professor Calculus (French: Professeur Tournesol), incompetent detectives Thomson and Thompson (French: Dupont et Dupond), and the opera diva Bianca Castafiore.

The series has been admired for its clean, expressive drawings in Hergé's signature ligne claire ("clear line") style. [4] Its well-researched [5] plots straddle the action-adventure and mystery genres and draw upon themes of politics, history and technology, offset by moments of slapstick comedy.


Loki: 10 Marvel Comic Book Stories to Read Before the Disney+ Series

Marvel villains are well known for being deeply complex characters, often treading a fine line between good and evil. One perfect example is Tom Hiddleston’s Loki, whose character arc went from the main villain in the first Avengers movie to a tragic hero in Infinity War. Even though technically dead, his escape with the tesseract during the events of Endgame gave Loki another chance of life (pun intended).

As a villain in the MCU, Loki has been given a fair amount of screen time, but decades worth of comics stories mean there is still plenty of source material to delve into. Having watched the trailers and studied the artwork, we’ve compiled a list of Marvel Comics stories that we think you should read in preparation for Loki on Disney+. Some of the following stories may feature, so reading them will make the viewing experience better others are just great Loki stories.

1. Vote Loki (2016)

Christopher Hastings’ four-part series is centred around a Loki who becomes bored with trying to take over the world. Instead, he decides to go legit and run for president of the United States. The series is a spoof of the 2016 Presidential Election and is a great, satirical look at modern politics. Loki’s whole campaign is based on the idea that he has the guts to lie outright to the American public. It has already been shown in the trailer, with Loki being seen wearing an identical suit to that of the comics, complete with campaign badge.

2. Loki: Sorcerer Supreme (2017)

With the events of Loki focusing on time travel and alternate realities, it’s likely the series will tie into the upcoming Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness film. Issue #381 of Doctor Strange, written by Donny Cates and Gabriel Hernandez Walta sees Loki trick Dr Strange into giving up the mantle of Sorcerer Supreme, and taking the title for himself, you know, just because he can.

3. The Trials of Loki (2011)

The second of Loki’s solo comic series, written by Roberto Aguirre-Sacasa, sees a Loki closely tied to Norse mythologies. The series explores the history of the God of Mischief in great detail, not usually seen in the comics.

4. Trapped By Loki, The God of Mischief (1962)

Created by Stan Lee, Larry Lieber and Jack Kirby, Loki makes his first appearance in 1962’s Journey into Mystery #85. If you want to start at the beginning, Trapped By Loki, The God of Mischief is the place to go, as it gives you the origin story of Loki. This issue is also the first time Asgard and the character Heimdall are mentioned in Marvel comics.

5. Frog Thor (1986)

The idea of Thor being turned into a frog isn’t just a joke (and a hilarious one at that) brought up in Thor: Ragnarok. Thor has been turned into a frog more than once. Walter Simonson’s four-year run on Thor is widely recognised as one of the God of Thunder’s best comics series that influences much of the Ragnarok movie. In issue #364, Loki plays a trick on his older brother by turning him into a frog. The whole thing sounds like a weird joke, but it’s actually a great story that draws parallels on a war between frogs and rats with the war between gods. Whilst it’s not likely this story will show up in Loki, it’s just a great comic that every Thor or Loki fan should read.

6. The TVA (1986)

We know that Loki will involve the Time Variance Authority. Although they don’t feature in the comics as much as organisations such as SHIELD, they hold an important place within the Marvel Universe. The most significant TVA stories are in Thor vol. 1 #372-374 and Fantastic Four #352-354. Both stories showcase just what the TVA are about, a bureaucratic organisation that can cause more problems than they solve.

7. Loki Vol 1 (2004)

Robert Rodi and Esad Ribic’s 2004 Loki is beautifully drawn, it’s Loki’s first solo comic series, and rather than focus on his attempts to get one up on Thor, it takes a look at what things would be like if Loki won. The series shows Loki in a different light to how he usually is portrayed, delving deep into his motivations and relationships.

8. King Loki (2019)

King Thor, written by Jason Aaron, is actually about an alternate reality version of Thor and Loki. Loki destroys Earth, amongst other terrible things, showing how truly evil he can be. The Disney+ series is set to introduce several different versions of Loki, and whilst King Loki might not be one of them, this series shows one of many different sides to Loki.

9. Loki: Agent of Asgard (2014)

After the Void killed Loki, another Loki was born who was younger, less evil and more heroic. Loki acted as one of the good guys for a while, crossing paths with many familiar characters. He ends up back in his Adult body and creates plenty of mischiefs whilst working for his Mother.

10. X-Men: Asgardian Wars (1985)

Loki is usually known to fight Thor or the Avengers, but he takes a swing at some of Marvel’s mutants during this cross-over event. Now I’m not saying I have a theory that Loki will be the first introduction of mutants into the MCU, so don’t hold me to that, but it could happen, right? I mean, they have to come sometime…

Marvel Studios’ “Loki” features the God of Mischief as he steps out of his brother’s shadow in a new series that takes place after the events of “Avengers: Endgame.” Tom Hiddleston returns as the title character, joined by Owen Wilson, Gugu Mbatha-Raw, Sophia Di Martino, Wunmi Mosaku and Richard E. Grant. Kate Herron directs “Loki,” and Michael Waldron is head writer.


King Arthur Myth

There has been a lot of material written about King Arthur and his court. He has been a popular figure in literature for over 800 years. People believe he was only a myth and some people believe he was an actual person. Not a lot of information on King Arthur is fact most is fictional from many types of writers. The earliest reference of Arthur is the poem ” Gododdin” (A. D. 600) also “Historia Bitton” by Nennius (A. D. 800). In Sir Thomas Mallory’s Novel Le Morte D’Arthur, people receive a good idea on how he worked and how the life back then was.

Many stories have been written and tales have een told of King Arthur but stories can’t be proven to be true. There are many different versions and many different styles and languages written about King Arthur. Welsh, Italian, Celtic, and Arabian, are just a few types of origins from where Arthur has traveled. It is believed that Arthur was a fifth-century British king also named Rithoamus (meaning high king)1. The historic Arthur lived in the mists of the dark ages. From the encyclopedia of Arthurian Legends, Arthur was not a medieval king. It is believed that he was a fifth century chieftain who protected his people .

Arthur changes from a God-like Celtic king, to a monarch, to an ordinary man. There are many different opinions as of whom King Arthur was. King Arthur appeared as a national hero in Geoffrey of Monmouth’s book called Historia Regum Britanniea (meaning, History of The Kings of Britain). Many of the legends told about Arthur and the round table take place in the castle of Camelot. This is to be believed to have been Cadbury Castle. This is near Somerset. There is no evidence that a little castle, Camelot, existed. There is evidence however, that there was a castle in the arge hill, inside the outer walls, believed to be Camelot.

Arthur was a wonderful leader and a terrific fighter. When fighting, Arthur based his strategies on his hill forts, and mounted commando’s. It is said that Arthur fought wars that gave him power over Britain, Ireland, and France. After he gained control, he made his claim of the Roman Empire. Many of the wars he fought were against the Saxons. Arthur was a great Calvaryman. Sir Thomas Mallory’s Book, Le Morte D’ Arthur-, one of the worlds famous books about Arthur, his court, and his life, is very important to young readers in all ifferent countries.

This is a very important book, and contains immense details on how life was back in those years. In The Book, Le Morte D’ Arthur, written By Sir Thomas Mallory, tells the story of King Arthur. In this tale of King Arthur, King Uther Pendragon is his father 2. King Arthur’s father Uther Pendragon died while in his bed 3. Uther Pendragon died when Arthur was two years old. King Arthur received his title, king, by pulling Excalibur out of the stone. People in the country looked upon him as his king because he had the power to pull the sword out.

In Mallory’s book, Arthur is the great king of Britain. Arthur conquers Rome and was the founder of the Knights of the Round Table. Many people saw Arthur as a pure and flawless man, however, he commits incest and adultery with his Queen Margause and conceives with her bastard Sir Modred, whom Arthur tries to drown. King Arthur finally marries Gwynevere, who he later sentences to death 4. He sentences her to burn because of adultery. Mallory’s Novel was one of the greatest works published and a wonderful piece to read if one is interested in learning more about Arthur and his court.

Another important writer was a Welsh writer, Geoffrey of Monmouth, who also wrote in detail about King Arthur and his life. His piece of writing was called Historia Regum Britanniea, (which means, History of the Kings of Britain). The two pieces of writing differ in ways. Geoffrey was a Welsh cleric. It’s been suggested that Geoffrey took “Arthur” as his last name because it was his father’s name. It may not be going too far to believe that Geoffrey’s fascination with the ancient Celtic hero Arthur may have begun when he was a child, hearing the tales his father may ave told him about his name 2.

My name is Arthur,” his father may have said, “and I want to tell you about another man named Arthur who lived long, long ago. ” So it was that Geoffrey of Monmouth who wrote his book, “, History of the Kings of Britain ” incorporating parts of an earlier work of his. While it’s certain that Geoffrey had his sources, this ancient book has identified as being true, and may never have existed. In Geoffrey’s work, the story of King Arthur takes up only about a fifth of the book.

Geoffrey begins Arthur’s reign by pitting him against the Saxons. Saxon” or Anglo-Saxon” is the collective name for these invaders of German blood, who came from Germany, the Netherlands, and Scandinavia. In the middle of the fifth-century, a British chieftain named Vortigern sought help from the Saxons in fighting off the Irish and Scottish. In Geoffrey’s “History,” he is elevated to being a king, the brother of Arthur’s father Uther Pendragon who was also a king. Probably around the year 490, the name of another great general begins to be whispered: Artorius. Today we know the name as Arthur. Geoffrey’s Arthur was an empire builder, though a failed one.

Although the “History of the Kings of Britain” can no longer be treated as pure history, it is still one of the most important books of the Middle Ages. The King Arthur Geoffrey wrote about, isn’t exactly the Arthur we know today. In ” The History of the Kings of Britain ” there is no round table, no sword in the stone, and no Lancelot. Queen Guinevere is known as Ganhumara, and the sword Excalibur is known by the earlier name of Caliber. The works by Geoffrey and Mallory differ for many reasons. In Geoffrey’s novel, there are different characters and different names for characters. Also in

Geoffrey’s novel, the story is based on the father of the writer knowing Arthur. There are many differences but that doesn’t mean that either novel is wrong in it’s content. Neither of these stories can be proven true. Either book is as equally as enjoyable as the other is. Both writers use great detail and description of the character as well as their atmosphere. Geoffrey of Monmouth and Sir Thomas Mallory are two of the most widely known writers who wrote about King Arthur’s adventures, his losses, his triumphs and his loves. The legend of Arthur is a wide topic to discuss. There are many types of writers from all over he world.

Many believe he lived and many people believe he didn’t live. Like all legends, the legend of King Arthur remains still a mystery after many, many years. One’s imagination can decide if there really was such a great, and noble Celtic king. Mallory and Geoffrey best describe King Arthur and his people in each of their pieces of writings. If a person such as Arthur lived a long time ago, the countries had great control because of King Arthur’s capability to fight, conquer, and keep the faith of his people. Then and now King Arthur was and still is a popular figure in literature all over the world.

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King's Game The Animation

Maybe last week was a pit stop to bring us back up to speed in the show's present-time plotline, as well as kill off two more useless characters because the series still wasn't sure we knew it meant business. Or maybe Natsuko really is the match needed to get this garbage fire going. My point is that after the slowdown last episode, King's Game is back baby! Hopefully we're done with the slow burns, since this is the most aggressively absurd episode since the last arc ended with a girl casually dispensing plot points while on fire.

I honestly don't know where to begin with this wreck, since the sheer weirdness of it stretches through the whole episode. From the very beginning, where Natsuko dangles a used condom as if it's some sinister manifestation of her successful sexual encounter, the series is just begging you to bask in its edgy excess. This sequence also culminates in Natsuko stalking Teruaki post-coitus into a bathroom to steal his phone in a hilarious sequence. It actually features a shot framed as though we were staring up through toilet water, a perfect metaphor for this series if I ever saw one. But that's just the beginning, and so much actually happens in this episode after that I'm sure I don't need to explain that the ridiculous machinations of this show's messy plot are worth dissecting piece by piece. Technically the big ‘revelations’ of this episode come from Nobuaki talking with Riona, another character we've barely interacted with until now.

One of my many questions has been how a grisly event like Nobuaki's first King's Game could have occurred with no coverage, and here Riona reveals that his wasn't even the only recent King's Game ! There have been several King's Games going on around the same time, and the mass deaths that resulted were all somehow glossed over as ‘group suicides’. Unbelievably, the published names of those involved reveal that Natsuko was indeed a participant in a previous Game! “She tried to hide this from us” Riona insists, pointing at a published article with Natsuko 's name that she found with a quick Google search. Nobuaki and Riona then conclude that Ria's previous hypothesis about the Game being a mutated hypnotic suggestion computer virus murderbug still holds true, setting off a race to collect the deceased's phones that might hold the key to hacking their way out of the game without getting spontaneously combusted.

That is a lot of dense information (that we kind of already knew) for a show that frankly doesn't need that much explanation for people bursting like poorly-animated blood-piñatas. I have to wonder if the fact that this story was composed on a cell phone motivated so much of its mechanics being based around phones (not unlike the show I reviewed last season, In Another World With My Smartphone ). But even if King's Game is all wrapped up in excruciating details this week, we'd be robbed of this episode's incredible second half without them, so it's a more-than-fair tradeoff.

Just ignore that the show pointedly delays giving us the details of the current order until the commercial bumper spells it out for us and then the characters describe it one scene later. First of all, the finger-breaking points-accumulating game is so unnecessarily complicated as to be meaningless. The idea hinges on the students being entirely in contact with each other the whole time, sitting in a circle together discussing their plans, which kills the potential suspense of not knowing who will betray anyone at an unexpected time like some past rounds. So the story tries to mine dramatic irony out of the characters in the murder-circle only half-communicating to each other out of fear of Natsuko , only to find out later that they all agreed on a plan to beat Natsuko once she stepped away anyway! It's King's Game 's usual issue of giving us information in the exact wrong order for dramatic impact, making the whole sequence to follow just plain bizarre.

But that's not half as bizarre as when Teruaki takes time out on his turn to give Nobuaki a haircut! I'm glad I wasn't drinking anything when this non-sequitur just pops up, like a random fever dream on par with Natsuko 's evil stripping and Ria catching fire as King's Game finds bold new ways to baffle me. The idea was to give Teruaki some inevitable pre-death pathos by revealing his dream to be a stylist and presenting it as a bonding moment with Nobuaki, but it just comes out of nowhere so you can't help but laugh at the whole thing. The show can't even get foreshadowing right, as you might imagine Teruaki fawning over his super-expensive haircut scissors would preclude using them to do the finger-cutting deed, but he just ends up snapping one back with his free hand. There were some ups and downs getting here, but by the time Teruaki was tearfully asking Nobuaki for a haircut evaluation before triumphantly smashing his hand with a rock as a cliffhanger, I was ready to call this the ‘best’ episode of King's Game yet.

Oh, and the whole episode looks awful too, pretty much guaranteeing that there's no chance of taking this absurdity seriously. But that's okay! Finding new ways to suck is the only path to survival for this show, and King's Game succeeded at failing in just about every way this week.


Analysis Of Oedipus Rex

(Author of Half Blood Blues). N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2017). In the play Oedipus Rex, written by Sophocles, Oedipus tries to outrun his fate, ending tragically. His parents threw him into the forest after hearing a prophecy that we would one day kill his father and sleep with his mother. Oedipus, having survived, later ran from his parents not knowing he was adopted and did end up fulfilling the prophecy years later unknowingly. Oedipus displays the classic components of a tragic hero’s journey through


5 things you (probably) didn’t know about Henry VIII

Henry VIII (1491–1547), son of Henry VII, was the second king in the Tudor dynasty. He played a significant role in the English Reformation, instigating the Church of England's break from Rome in 1532 in order to marry his second wife, Anne Boleyn. The Tudor king is largely remembered as a bully who executed his opponents, oversaw the destruction of religious buildings and works of art, and killed off two of his six wives. But is this image wholly accurate?

This competition is now closed

Published: July 7, 2020 at 10:35 am

Here, historian Tracy Borman shares five surprising facts about Henry VIII…

Henry VIII was slim and athletic for most of his life

At six feet two inches tall, Henry VIII stood head and shoulders above most of his court. He had an athletic physique and excelled at sports, regularly showing off his prowess in the jousting arena.

Having inherited the good looks of his grandfather, Edward IV, in 1515 Henry was described as “the handsomest potentate I have ever set eyes on…” and later an “Adonis”, “with an extremely fine calf to his leg, his complexion very fair…and a round face so very beautiful, that it would become a pretty woman”.

All this changed in 1536 when the king – then in his mid-forties – suffered a serious wound to his leg while jousting. This never properly healed, and instead turned ulcerous, which left Henry increasingly incapacitated.

Four years later, the king’s waist had grown from a trim 32 inches to an enormous 52 inches. By the time of his death, he had to be winched onto his horse. It is this image of the corpulent Henry VIII that has obscured the impressive figure that he cut for most of his life.

Henry VIII was a tidy eater

Despite the popular image of Henry VIII throwing a chicken leg over his shoulder as he devoured one of his many feasts, he was in fact a fastidious eater. Only on special occasions, such as a visit from a foreign dignitary, did he stage banquets.

Most of the time, Henry preferred to dine in his private apartments. He would take care to wash his hands before, during and after each meal, and would follow a strict order of ceremony.

Seated beneath a canopy and surrounded by senior court officers, he was served on bended knee and presented with several different dishes to choose from at each course.

Henry was a bit of a prude

England’s most-married monarch has a reputation as a ladies’ man – for obvious reasons. As well as his six wives, he kept several mistresses and fathered at least one child by them.

But the evidence suggests that, behind closed doors, he was no lothario. When he finally persuaded Anne Boleyn to become his mistress in body as well as in name, he was shocked by the sexual knowledge that she seemed to possess, and later confided that he believed she had been no virgin.

When she failed to give him a son, he plumped for the innocent and unsullied Jane Seymour instead.

Henry’s chief minister liked to party

Although often represented as a ruthless henchman, Thomas Cromwell was in fact one of the most fun-loving members of the court. His parties were legendary, and he would spend lavish sums on entertaining his guests – he once paid a tailor £4,000 to make an elaborate costume that he could wear in a masque to amuse the king.

Cromwell also kept a cage of canary birds at his house, as well as an animal described as a “strange beast”, which he gave to the king as a present.

Listen to Diarmaid MacCulloch discussing Thomas Cromwell:

Henry VIII sent more men and women to their deaths than any other monarch

During the later years of Henry’s reign, as he grew ever more paranoid and bad-tempered, the Tower of London was crowded with the terrified subjects who had been imprisoned at his orders.

One of the most brutal executions was that of the aged Margaret de la Pole, Countess of Salisbury. The 67-year-old countess was woken early on the morning of 27 May 1541 and told to prepare for death.

Although initially composed, when Margaret was told to place her head on the block, her self-control deserted her and she tried to escape. Her captors were forced to pinion her to the block, where the amateur executioner hacked at the poor woman’s head and neck, eventually severing them after the eleventh blow.

This article was first published by HistoryExtra in January 2015


History Test: Dark & Middle Ages

WEEK 17: Dark & Middle Ages History Test

NOTE: Following is the Dark & Middle Ages History Test. 7th and 8th graders should be able to do all of this test. 4th through 6th graders should be able to do most of the test. K – 3rd graders will be able to do a lot of this test orally. Each question is worth 2 points. This test is OPTIONAL. Please feel free to skip it scale it eliminate parts of it use it merely as a review, or do whatever best suits your family! If you choose to give your children this test, I would recommend reviewing the “Discussion Questions” from the last 16 weeks’ lesson plans the day before you give the test.

Following the test you will find a teachers’ answer key.

History Test: Dark & Middle Ages

Name: ____________________________________________________ Date: _______________________________________

Fill in the Blank with the correct answer(s):

1. Who changed the official religion of the Roman Empire to Christianity? ____________________________________
2. Name the two most popular Viking gods: _______________________________________________________
3. Where does the word “Thursday” come from? _____________________________________________________
4. What trickster caused many problems for Thor and his family? __________________________________________
5. What happened to Saint Patrick when he was 16?
_______________________________________________________________________________________
6. Why did Patrick decide to travel back to Ireland many years later?
_______________________________________________________________________________________
7. The bones of a saint, a piece of Jesus’s cross, or other religious items that were said to have powers to heal and perform miracles were called ….
___________________________________
8. What did peasants do for their Lord? What did Lords do for the peasants?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
9. When an enemy army surrounds a castle, the castle is said to be under …. ________________________________
10. The symbol on a knight’s shield and armor was called the … _________________________________________
11. What was a knight’s most valuable possession? _________________________________________________
12. How did Arthur become king?
___________________________________________________________________________________
13. What two great gifts did Arthur receive from Leodegrance?
___________________________________________________________________________________
14. Clear glass was used in the Middle Ages to invent …?
___________________________________________________________________________________

15. How was colored glass used in the Middle Ages? _______________________________________________
16. What musical instruments did many cathedrals contain during the Middle Ages?_________________________
17. What did Muhammad say he saw in the cave just outside of Mecca? __________________________________
18. What is considered to be the holy book of Islam? _______________________________________________

19. What are the 5 pillars of Islam?
1.) ____________________________________________________
2.) ____________________________________________________
3.) ____________________________________________________
4.) ____________________________________________________
5.) ____________________________________________________

20. How many genies are in the original Aladdin story? _____________________________________________
21. What “Golden City” is the city of great significance to 3 major religions? _______________________________
22. What did Pope Urban II promise to all men who fought in the Crusades?
_______________________________________________________________________________
23. What does the word “Crusade” mean? _____________________________________________________
24. What country did Marco Polo travel to? ____________________________________________________
25. Name two creatures that carried and spread the Black Plague all over Europe?
_______________________________________________________________________________
26. How many people died from the Black Plague in Europe? ________________________________________

Multiple Choice: Circle the correct answer(s):

27. The period of time from 500 AD to 1500 is known as the “Dark” or “Middle Ages”. Why?
A.) Few cultural advancements, time of many invasions
B.) Fewer people were educated at this time
C.) This age is located in the “middle” of the Roman Empire & the Renaissance.
D.) All of the above.

28. Name 3 great societies of the Middle Ages? (Circle all that apply.)
A.)The Ancient Greeks
B.) The Vikings
C.) European Feudal Society
D.) The Arab Empire

29. The Vikings were experts at building what?
A.) Castles
B.) Ships (longboats)
C.) Stained glass
D.) Roads

30. Vikings raided because they wanted (Circle all that apply.)
A.) Land
B.) Money
C.) Books
D.) Slaves

31. What group of Christian men spent much of their time making copies of the Bible?
A.) Priests C.) Popes
B.) Monks D.) Friars

32. What group of Christian men spent much of their time traveling from place to place, preaching the gospel?
A.) Priests
B.) Monks
C.) Popes
D.) Friars

33. Bishops and Archbishops often said mass in magnificent large churches called ….
A.) Temples
B.) Cathedrals
C.) Mosques
D.) Castles

34. When was someone a “Lord”?
A.) If he gave land.
B.) If he received land.
C.) If he had 100 knights.
D.) If he fought in the Crusades.

35. When was someone a “vassal”?
A.) If he gave land.
B.) If he received land.
C.) If he had 100 knights.
D.) If he fought in the Crusades.

36. What important things were located on a Manor? (Circle all that apply.)
A.) Manor house or castle
B.) University
C.) Village for the peasants
D.) Church
E.) Land to farm

37. The great look-out tower in the middle of the castle was called the …
A.) Portcullis
B.) Moat
C.) Keep
D.) Drawbridge

38. How could people defend their castle if it was under attack? (Circle all that apply.)
A.) By dropping boiling oil
B.) By shooting arrows
C.) By shooting cannonballs and explosives
D.) By sending messages to call for help

39. Place the following in chronological order:
A.) Knight, Page, Squire
B.) Squire, Page, Knight
C.) Page, Squire, Knight
D.) Page, Knight, Squire

40. Which of the following was NOT part of the “Code of Chivalry”?
A.) Promise to be generous to the poor
B.) Promise to fight in the Crusades
C.) Promise to defend the helpless
D.) Promise to honor their lady

41. Who was Arthur’s real father?
A.) Uther Pendragon
B.) Merlin Pendragon
C.) Mordred Pendragon
D.) No one knows.

42. What ingredients are needed to make glass? (Circle all that apply.)
A.) Sand
B.) Crystal
C.) Soda ash [which is made by burning plants or hardwood]
D.) Fire & Heat

43. The square structure with a meteorite set into the corner located in Mecca where many Arabs worship is called the ….
A.) Khadijah
B.) Kabah
C.) Quraysh
D.) Jihad

44. A Holy War: Muslims must fight to protect, defend & advance the Muslim community.
This is called …
A.) Khadijah
B.) Kabah
C.) Quraysh
D.) Jihad

45. The numbers we use today (0 – 9) are called Arabic numerals, but where did they originally come from?
A.) The ancient Greeks
B.) The ancient Romans
C.) The Vikings
D.) Hindu mathematicians in India

46. Name two important commanders during the Crusades. (Circle Two)
A.) Shahrazad C.) King Richard
B.) Saladin D.) Prince John

47. What famous story began around the time of the Crusades?
A.) Robin Hood
B.) King Arthur
C.) Aladdin
D.) 1001 Arabian Nights

48. What was NOT something Marco Polo said he saw in China?
A.) Giant snakes that walked on squat legs with jaws big enough to swallow a man.
B.) Paper money
C.) Black stones that burned.
D.) Wooly Mammoths

49. During the Middle Ages, what did many people believe was the cause of the Black Plague?
A.) Germs
B.) Punishment of God
C.) Dirty Towns
D.) The Crusades

Write “T” if the answer is true. Write “F” if the answer is false.

50. T/F Mom loves her kids very much and is very proud of them. ________________________

Grades K – 3:
What was the name of the sword King Arthur received from the Lady in the Lake?
________________________________________
What numbers were used for math before Arabic numerals?
_______________________________________
What great leader did Marco Polo work for in China?
_______________________________________

Grades 4 – 6:
About how long did the Middle Ages last?
________________________________________
What were Viking letters called?
________________________________________
Why did the Crusades begin?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

What was the name of King Arthur’s son?
_________________________________________
Explain how Shayryar came to distrust all women?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Who were the flagellants?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  • 1. Constantine
  • 2. Thor & Oden
  • 3. Thor’s Day
  • 4. Loki
  • 5. Captured by pirates
  • 6. Patrick received a dream in which the people of Ireland were calling him to walk among them again. He determined that God wanted him to preach the gospel there.
  • 7. relics
  • 8. Peasants farmed the land Lord provided them with protection
  • 9. siege
  • 10. Coat of Arms
  • 11. his horse
  • 12. pulled a sword from a stone
  • 13. His daughter, Guinevere, in marriage & Round Table
  • 14. glasses, magnifying glasses, mirrors
  • 15. stained glass windows
  • 16. bells
  • 17. the angel Gabriel
  • 18. the Qur’an (Koran)
  • 19. No God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet, Pray facing Mecca five times a day, Give to the poor, Fast during the month of Ramadan, Make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in your life
  • 20. two
  • 21. Jerusalem
  • 22. All their sins would be forgiven
  • 23. Cross
  • 24. China
  • 25. Rats, Fleas
  • 26. over 20 million one out of every 3 people died
  • 27. D
  • 28. B, C, & D
  • 29. B
  • 30. A, B, & D
  • 31. B
  • 32. D
  • 33. B
  • 34. A
  • 35. B
  • 36. A, C, D, & E
  • 37. C
  • 38. A, B, & D
  • 39. C
  • 40. B
  • 41. A
  • 42. A, C, & D
  • 43. B
  • 44. D
  • 45. D
  • 46. B & C
  • 47. A
  • 48. D
  • 49. B
  • 50. T

Extra Credit K – 3: Excalibur, Roman Numerals, Kublai Khan

Extra Credit 4 – 6: 1000 years, Runes, Muslims blocked Christians from visiting Jerusalem Christians wanted to gain control of Jerusalem and take it out of Muslim hands.

Extra Credit: 7 – 8: Mordred. His first wife and his brother’s wife were unfaithful to them. Monks who whipped themselves. They hoped by doing so God would end the Black plague.


A STORY OF ROBIN HOOD.

In the rude days of King Rich-ard and King John there were many great woods in England. The most famous of these was Sher-wood forest, where the king often went to hunt deer. In this forest there lived a band of daring men called out-laws.

They had done something that was against the laws of the land, and had been forced to hide themselves in the woods to save their lives. There they spent their time in roaming about among the trees, in hunting the king's deer, and in robbing rich trav-el-ers that came that way.

There were nearly a hundred of these outlaws, and their leader was a bold fellow called Robin Hood. They were dressed in suits of green, and armed with bows and arrows and sometimes they carried long wooden lances and broad-swords, which they knew how to handle well. When-ever they had taken anything, it was brought and laid at the feet of Robin Hood, whom they called their king. He then di-vid-ed it fairly among them, giving to each man his just share.

Robin never allowed his men to harm any-body but the rich men who lived in great houses and did no work. He was always kind to the poor, and [29] he often sent help to them and for that reason the common people looked upon him as their friend.

Long after he was dead, men liked to talk about his deeds. Some praised him, and some blamed him. He was, indeed, a rude, lawless fellow but at that time, people did not think of right and wrong as they do now.

A great many songs were made up about Robin Hood, and these songs were sung in the cot-ta-ges and huts all over the land for hundreds of years after-ward.

Here is a little story that is told in one of those songs:&mdash

Robin Hood was standing one day under a green tree by the road-side. While he was lis-ten-ing to the birds among the leaves, he saw a young man passing by. This young man was dressed in a fine suit of bright red cloth and, as he tripped gayly along the road, he seemed to be as happy as the day.

"I will not trou-ble him," said Robin Hood, "for I think he is on his way to his wedding."

The next day Robin stood in the same place. He had not been there long when he saw the same young man coming down the road. But he did not seem to be so happy this time. He had [30] left his scarlet coat at home, and at every step he sighed and groaned.

"Ah the sad day! the sad day!" he kept saying to himself.

Then Robin Hood stepped out from under the tree, and said,&mdash

"I say, young man! Have you any money to spare for my merry men and me?"

"I have nothing at all," said the young man, "but five shil-lings and a ring."

"Yes?" said the young man, "it is a gold ring. Here it is."

"Ah, I see!" said Robin: "it is a wedding ring."

"I have kept it these seven years," said the young man "I have kept it to give to my bride on our wedding day. We were going to be married yes-ter-day. But her father has prom-ised her to a rich old man whom she never saw. And now my heart is broken."

"What is your name?" asked Robin.

"My name is Allin-a-Dale," said the young man.

"What will you give me, in gold or fee," said Robin, "if I will help you win your bride again in spite of the rich old man to whom she has been promised?" [31]

"I have no money," said Allin, "but I will promise to be your servant."

"How many miles is it to the place where the maiden lives?" asked Robin. [32]

"It is not far," said Allin. "But she is to be married this very day, and the church is five miles away."

Then Robin made haste to dress himself as a harper and in the after-noon he stood in the door of the church.

"Who are you?" said the bishop, "and what are you doing here?"

"I am a bold harper," said Robin, "the best in the north country."

"I am glad you have come," said the bishop kindly. "There is no music that I like so well as that of the harp. Come in, and play for us."

"I will go in," said Robin Hood "but I will not give you any music until I see the bride and bridegroom."

Just then an old man came in. He was dressed in rich clothing, but was bent with age, and was feeble and gray. By his side walked a fair young girl. Her cheeks were very pale, and her eyes were full of tears.

"This is no match," said Robin. "Let the bride choose for herself."

Then he put his horn to his lips, and blew three times. The very next minute, four and twenty men, all dressed in green, and car-ry-ing long bows in their hands, came running across the fields. [33] And as they marched into the church, all in a row, the fore-most among them was Allin-a-Dale.

"Now whom do you choose?" said Robin to the maiden.

"I choose Allin-a-Dale," she said, blushing.

"And Allin-a-Dale you shall have," said Robin "and he that takes you from Allin-a-Dale shall find that he has Robin Hood to deal with."

And so the fair maiden and Allin-a-Dale were married then and there, and the rich old man went home in a great rage.


King Arthur, Why he fits the hero cycle motif


In the tale of King Arthur, he can certainly be classified as a hero. He fits almost every aspect of the hero cycle. He has an unusual birth, periods of initiation, countless obstacles that he faces, and he dies and ascends to a greater plane in the end. .
When Arthur was born, he was taken away from his parents King Uther Pendragon and his Queen, Igraine. This ultimately took Arthur out of line to be heir to the throne of Britain, but it had to be done because Arthur would have had many enemies and it would not have been safe for him to stay with his parents. He was given to Sir Ector who raised him as if he were his own son. This is part of Arthur's unusual birth because a baby in that time period is hardly ever given up to be raised by someone else, especially a baby of royalty. Arthur's birth was also very unique because elves were present as he was being born. As Merlin explained to Arthur, "They enchanted you with their strongest magic and presented you with special gifts. They gave you the courage and the strength to be the best of all knights. They gave you the intelligence to become a mighty king, combined with the generosity that would bring you lasting devotion and fame. And finally, they gave you the gift or a long life.".
Arthur can be considered to have two periods of initiation as a child. His first was before he became a king. He practiced with and looked up to both Sir Kay and Sir Ector. Arthur was just a squire, and had not learned everything he needed to know, and these two men, both older and wiser, were in the process of teaching Arthur to become a great knight.
After Arthur was crowned King of Britain, a noble named Merlin stood by his side. He helped Arthur through the rough times in the beginning of his reign. Merlin gave Arthur .
information about the future, although sometimes his stories were incomplete and sometimes he did not give Arthur the information at all.

Essays Related to King Arthur, Why he fits the hero cycle motif

1. King Arthur

King Arthur's unforgettable tale The story of a boy who pulled a sword out of the stone, the tale of a man who became king, a king that ruled for years in the kingdom of Camelot. . But why has it lasted for so long, since its origins in the 15th century until now, and who knows until when. There are many reasons why the tale of King Arthur has been so popular, one of them is that the story has all the literary elements needed to be a very good story, suspense, action, romance, fiction, it has everything. . Lancelot says "The king without a sword, the kingdom without a king", an.

2. King Arthur

King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table The story of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table has been a favorite among writers and filmmakers for many years now. . Camelot, on one hand, is plagued with numerous instances that could not, or at least certainly would not have happened in the actual time of King Arthur. . In the film, King Arthur struggles to find a way to relieve the stresses that plague him as a ruler. . Later, the king is shown torn between what he holds in his heart and what is in his head. . Each version manipulated the legend to best fit those most.

3. Arthur Vs. Beowulf

King Arthur is another character in English literature that has heroic traits. . Having honor, King Arthur was to meet Mordred and discuss these matters. . King Arthur achieved great things. . He was also physically fit enough to be able to handle hand to hand fighting as well as he did. . In conclusion, Beowulf and King Arthur were very similar. .

4. Beowulf Vs. Arthur

King Arthur is another character in English literature that has heroic traits. . Having honor, King Arthur was to meet Mordred and discuss these matters. . King Arthur achieved great things. . He was also physically fit enough to be able to handle hand to hand fighting as well as he did. . In conclusion, Beowulf and King Arthur were very similar. .

5. The Maturity of King Arthur

In the second book of this anthology, The Queen of Air and Darkness, White dives deeper into the character maturation of novel's hero, King Arthur. . In the beginning of the novel, newly-crowned King Arthur is still young and naive. . In this situation, rather than siding with Merlyn and trying to guide the young and impressionable Arthur into the right path of kingship, Kay describes why he thinks war can be a positive. . Essentially, he takes the opposite of Kay's "might is right" stance, saying, "Why can't you harness Might so that it works for Right. .

  • Word Count: 1393
  • Approx Pages: 6
  • Has Bibliography
  • Grade Level: High School

6. The Rise and Development of Arthurian Romances

King Arthur is a legendary British leader of the late 5th and early 6th centuries, who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the early 6th century. . Whereas Arthur is very much at the centre of the pre-Galfridian material and Geoffrey's Historia itself, in the romances he is rapidly sidelined.[74] His character also alters significantly. In both the earliest materials and Geoffrey he is a great and ferocious warrior, who laughs as he personally slaughters witches and giants and takes a leading role in all military c.

7. King Arthur

There has been a lot of material written about the legendary King Arthur and even though he has been a popular figure in literature for a long time, not a lot is known about the real Arthur. It is believed that Arthur was a 5th century British King named Riothamus, meaning "high king", who ruled from 454 to 470 A.D. and led an army into Gaul where he was defeated by the Goths of Burgundy. . Arthur appeared in literature as a national hero in a book written in Latin by Geoffrey of Monmouth called Historia Regum Britanniae meaning History of the Kings of Britain. . Due to the popu.

8. King arthur

All the adventures Merlyn gives to Arthur will make become a great king. . On second adventure, Arthur has is when he is seeing the jousting between King Pellimore and Sir Grummore. . Through this, Arthur learns how to be an effective king. When he last through Cully, the other birds call him King of the Merlins. . The Wart is not a hero in this adventure in the same sense as Kay, since he does not win fights or kill beasts. .

9. Cuchulainn and King Arthur

King Arthur and Cuchulainn utilized a sort of magical protection. King Arthur had obtained his Excalibur from the stone, which made him king. . King Arthur had used his magical protection to kill more than three hundreds people charging at him on a hill. . Cuchulainn and King Arthur defended their territories with the best of their abilities. . Cuchulainn and King Arthur are hero representatives because they have a balance between abilities. .


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